Careers by Major - Psychology


This program is offered through the Department of Psychology

Each Careers by Major page provides lots of ideas on various career areas, as well as how to gain related skills and experience. Useful resources and job samples are also provided.

Table of Contents 

1. Sample Occupations and Jobs
         1a. Sample Occupations
         1b. Sample Job Listings
         1c. Sample Areas of Employment
2. Program-Related Skills
3. Explore Careers & Build Networks
4. Get Experience
         4a. On-Campus
         4b. Off-Campus
5. Useful Resources & Next Steps 

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1. Sample Occupations and Jobs
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Below is a sample of the many types of occupations and jobs pursued by graduates of this program.

1a. Sample Occupations
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Note: This is not an exhaustive list. Detailed career profiles are available in the Career Centre. Some occupationsrequire further education and experience.


  • Academic Counsellor
  • Addictions Counsellor*
  • Art Psychologist
  • Art/ Music Therapist*
  • Athletic Therapist*
  • Behaviour Therapist
  • Career Counsellor*
  • Exercise Therapist
  • Marriage and Family Therapist*
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologist*
  • Immigration Officer*
  • Light Therapist
  • Massage Therapist*
  • Media Psychologist
  • Mental Health Nurse*
  • Military Psychologist
  • Movement Therapist
  • Occupational Therapist*
  • Psychologist*
  • Recreation Therapist*
  • Rehabilitation Counsellor*
  • Residential Counsellor
  • School Counsellor*
  • Speech-Language Pathologist*
  • Voice Therapist
  • Women’s Counsellor

Residential Care

  • Activities Coordinator
  • Case Worker
  • Child And Youth Worker*
  • Community Worker*
  • Crisis Worker
  • Gerontologist*
  • Health Care Administrator*
  • Personal Care Attendant*
  • Hospital Service Worker*
  • Mental Health Nurse*
  • Relief Worker
  • Resident Services Provider
  • Special Services Supervisor

Academic and Teaching-Related

  • Educational Administrator
  • Elementary School Teacher*
  • ESL Teacher*
  • High School Teacher*
  • Librarian*
  • Professor*
  • Researcher*
  • School Counsellor*
  • Special Education Teacher*
  • Speech-Language Pathologist*
  • Teacher*

Human Resources

  • Admissions Evaluator
  • Benefits Manager
  • Compensation Manager
  • Corporate Trainer*
  • Education Specialist
  • Employment Interviewer
  • Grievance Officer
  • Human Resources Specialist*
  • Human Resources Worker*
  • Job Analyst
  • Labour Relations Specialist
  • Mediator*
  • Industrial-Organizational Psychologist*
  • Recruiter*
  • Trainer/Training Specialist

Social and Human Services

  • Child And Youth Worker*
  • Child Life Specialist
  • Community Worker*
  • Clinical Coordinator
  • Clinical Manager
  • Communications Specialist*
  • Correctional Officer*
  • Health Care Administrator*
  • Hospital Service Worker*
  • Probation Or Parole Officer*
  • Program Coordinator
  • Religious Worker*
  • Social Worker*
  • Sociologist
  • Support Worker
  • Volunteer Manager*

Business-Related and Other

  • Account Manager (Banking)*
  • Advertising Copywriter*
  • Advertising Account Executive*
  • Credit Counsellor
  • Entrepreneur*
  • Event Planner*
  • Foreign Services Officer*
  • Fundraiser*
  • Lawyer*
  • Management Trainee
  • Market Research Analyst*
  • Media Buyer*
  • Planner*
  • Public Policy Analyst*
  • Public Relations Specialist*
  • Sales Representative*
  • Statistician*
  • Writer*
  • Sport Psychology Consultant*
  • Developmental Service Worker*

View these titles at Career Cruising, available on CLN under the Resources tab.

1b. Sample Job Listings
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Below is a sample of delisted positions that have been posted on UofT's Career Learning Network (CLN). To access current listings, login to CLN and click on Jobs

  • Research Analyst, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • Clinical Study Coordinator, MacAnxiety Research Centre
  • Peer Heath Education, Health & Counselling Centre, UTM
  • Individual, Couple, and Family Counsellor, Catholic Family Services
  • Speech Language Pathology Volunteer, West Park Healthcare Centre
  • Organization & Human Performance Analyst, Accenture
  • Youth Project Manager, Healthy Minds Canada
  • Research Assistant, Baycrest
  • Lab/Research Assistant, Department of Psychology, UTM
  • Psychometrist, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
  • Information & Referral Counsellor, Polycultural Immigrant & Community Services
  • Clinical Therapist - MSW/Psychologist, The Kyla Fox Centre
  • Marketing Coordinator, World Vision Canada
  • Student Success Assistant, Office of the Registrar, UTM
  • Clinical Neuropsychologist, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital

1c. Sample Areas of Employment
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  • Educational institutions
  • Hospitals
  • Not-for-profit agencies
  • Government agencies (federal, provincial, municipal)
  • Community mental mealth providers
  • Correction and rehabilitation facilities
  • Insurance companies
  • Market research firms
  • Medical/health organizations
  • Behavioural health clinics
  • Community services
  • Religious organizations
  • Residential care facilities
  • Public relations and communications firms
  • Employee assistance plans


2. Program-Related Skills

Academic courses in this program provide opportunities to develop the following types of skills. Make a career counselling or an employment strategy appointment to discuss how you can demonstrate these skills to employers.

  • Communication: formulate and defend positions; good listening, clarifying, questioning, and responding skills; write carefully reasoned reports; and sensitivity to cultural and ethnic diversity.
  • Research: summarize complex materials; assess and analyze data; use criteria to evaluate and make decisions; and carry out tasks with thoroughness and precision.
  • Critical thinking and problem-solving: understand complex problems and identify potential solutions; and approach problems from a variety of perspectives.
  • Organizational: identify goals; manage time; multitask; and work independently and collaboratively with others.

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3. Explore Careers & Build Networks
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Career Exploration 101

Take our 15 minute online module. Gain access to UTM's career exploration programs:

Informational Interviews

Informational interviews are a great way to connect with professionals in a career area of interest and gain valuable insights about a particular career, company, or industry that would otherwise be difficult to find in books or online. Check out our tip sheet to learn more.

Alumni Profiles

Check out our Alumni Profiles page with submissions from UTM grads to find out how their experiences have affected their career direction.


Attending career panels, networking events, employer info sessions and career fairs is a great way to meet professionals and learn more about careers, companies and industries. Login to CLN and click on Events & Workshops to see what's coming up.

Talk to Professors

Connecting with your professors can be a great way to explore the different paths a major can lead you to, as well as learn about possible opportunities for research, volunteering or becoming a TA. Drop by during their office hours or request an appointment.

Student Organizations

Join a student club or an academic society at UTM to meet like-minded people, explore your interests, and make valuable connections. To view a list of current clubs and societies, visit the Centre for Student Engagement's website. Some organizations you may consider are:

  • Psychology Association of Undergraduate Students at Erindale
  • Sexual Education & Peer Counselling Centre
  • Young Leaders of Public Helth and Medicine
  • The University of Toronto Mental Health Student Association


Create a LinkedIn profile to connect with professionals in various fields, explore the career paths of UTM alumni, research employers, apply for specific positions and more. Need help? Come to the Career Centre to book a LinkedIn profile critique.

Professional Associations

There are many benefits of becoming a member of association(s), such as developing a network of contacts, learning about industry trends, accessing industry-related job postings and stating your affiliation on your resume. Some associations related to this major are:

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4. Get Experience
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Get some experience and exposure to the industry while being a student. This will increase your chances of finding a job after graduation, while helping you decide what area might be most suitable for you.

4a. On-Campus
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On-Campus Opportunities Booklet

Check out the On-Campus Opportunities booklet to view a list of some of the ways you can get valuable experience on campus.

Work Study Positions

The work study program provides eligible students with an opportunity to work on campus during the academic year and gain experience. Many departments use this program to hire UTM students during the Fall/Winter and Summer terms.

Research Opportunity Program (ROP)

UTM's Research Opportunity Program (ROP) allows undergraduate students to gain valuable research experience and earn a course credit by participating in a faculty member's research project. Courses are held during Summer and Fall/Winter terms.

Part Time and Volunteer Positions

  • Attend the annual Get Experience Fair 
  • Check out our binder with detailed information on volunteer opportunities; available in the Career Centre
  • Learn about the Co-Curricular Record (CCR), which can help you find opportunities beyond the classroom and have your skills and experiences captured on an official document

Student Organizations

Joining any student club or academic society at UTM is a great way to gain valuable skills and expand your resume. To view a list of current clubs and societies, visit the Centre for Student Engagement's website.

4b. Off-Campus
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Internships, Summer, Part-Time and Volunteer Positions 

Full Time Positions

  • Networking is an essential element of job search today, as most jobs are not advertised. While you should still apply for positions you find online, building relationships with professionals is a proven way to access the 'hidden job market' with some of the most desirable opportunities. Attend the "Learn to Network" workshop to discover proven techniques to effectively introduce yourself and make contacts.
  • Login to CLN and click on Jobs to access current postings advertised to graduating students and recent UofT grads. Note: You must attend the "Now That I'm Graduating, What's Next?" workshop to gain access to these postings.
  • Attend the annual Get Hired: Summer and Full-Time Jobs Fair
  • Check out our list of industry-specific job boards

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5. Useful Resources & Next Steps
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Career Resource Library

The Career Resource Library contains information about a wide range of occupations in all industries, resume and cover letter resources, effective work search methods, graduate/professional school preparation guides, and more.


Career Planning by Year

Visit our Career Planning by Year page for ideas of important career related activities for each year. You can visit us in the Career Centre to find out more about career areas that interest you.

Additional Web Resources

Updated February 2021