For graduate students, creating a CV (Curriculum Vitae) is one of the most important tasks in your academic job search. CVs are required to apply for further graduate studies, scientific research, post-docs and academic positions. Like a resume, it is a summary of your skills, experience, and education, however, it contains more detail and is often longer than two pages.
Resume or CV - What is the Difference?
What's the Difference?
|Audience||Fellow Academics in your field of study||Employers who hire for a wide variety of positions|
|Purpose||Applying for a job in academic or medical fields||Applying for a job in most non-academic sectors|
|Goal||To display your academic credentials and accomplishments in great detail||To demonstrate that you have the experience and skills necessary to succeed within the position you are seeking|
|What Employers See||A big picture of you as a person and your scholarly potential||A compelling introduction of your experiences and skills|
Adapted from: Student Success Centre – Western University
Although different in content and presentation, CVs and resumes do share a common purpose: which is to present yourself as an attractive candidate to potential employers and educational opportunities. As such, there is a strong element of strategy to what you choose to include, and how, in your CV. The order and emphasis of your sections should also reflect the level of priority of your reader. Outlined below are some typical CV sections.
1. Personal Information
Full first and last names followed by your degree(s) such as BSc, MSc (where applicable). Names may be bolded, centered, and followed by your current mailing address or institutional address, phone numbers and professional email address.
2. Educational Information
List formal post-secondary education in reverse chronological order. You may include honours, awards, thesis titles, topics and supervisors in this section if not discussed elsewhere. Training courses may be included here or in another section such as “Professional Development” or “Additional Training”.
3. Awards and Distinctions
List awards and honours in reverse chronological order. If you have only one award/honour per degree, you may choose to place them under the appropriate degree in the “Education” section. If you are applying for a research position and have received awards, scholarships or funding, put this section on the first page, after education to catch the reader’s attention.
4. Research Interests / Research Techniques
In short, bulleted format, list your existing research interests and/or point to future directions for your research. This section may also detail technical skills such as research techniques and/or knowledge of specialized equipment, coding languages, etc. if not discussed elsewhere.
Provide full bibliographic information for publications already published or accepted by publishers. If your publication list is extensive include a partial list and consider posting your complete list of publications online and referencing the link in your CV.
6. Teaching Experience
List the courses you have taught or been a TA for including course name and number, department, university, date. You may include a one-line statement about the course content. If you are targeting this CV for teaching positions, place this section before sections on your research and professional experience. Consider developing a teaching dossier. Also, consult this U of T Guide to building a teaching dossier
7. Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations
Make this section separate from published works. Even if you have already mentioned publications in the ‘publications’ section, they should also be listed her as conference presentations. If you have given many papers at conferences, consider organizing them into sections such as: papers; posters; and presentations. You can also include headings for public lectures given, and conferences attended. If you have only one or two entries in each section, it may be better to group them together indicating the nature of each activity clearly.
8. Community Involvement
List the academic committees and/or student organizations on which you have served including a brief (one-line) description of your activities and accomplishments.
9. Professional Affiliations and Honours
List memberships in professional organizations, significant appointments/elections to positions, honours from professional, business, educational, or related organizations.
10. Professional Experience
List academically related experiences in reverse chronological order stating job title, employer name, city/country, and dates. Emphasize leadership roles, project management skills, budget oversight and other successes, accomplishments, and recognitions where possible.
11. Other Experience
List other jobs you have had or other activities that you have been involved in not directly relevant to your academic career objective. It is common to include so-called “unrelated experiences” both to fill in the chronology of your experiences as well as to take advantage of another opportunity to highlight your transferrable skills. Include brief details emphasizing skills and achievements rather than simply listing duties.
Write references on a separate sheet as the last page. Three to five references are typical. Include each referee’s name, title, employer, and complete contact information. For further information see the Graduate Student resources on our website - Academic Job Search
13. Ordering of Sections
No CV will contain all of the categories mentioned above. Information will not always appear in the same order depending on your goals and audience. Deciding what to include and how to present it requires strategic thinking and an eye towards the priorities and interests of the recipient of your application. Highlight your strongest qualifications for the position to ensure they are visible.
14. Using The CV Outside of Academia
Finally, a CV for industry may require a different emphasis than a CV for academia. A CV intended for industry may emphasize categories not emphasized in CVs for academia including lab techniques, leadership, project management, assessments, tools and software to name a few. Be aware of what is important to your reader, and tailor your CV to best present your skills and achievements accordingly. Depending on the opportunity, you may use aspects of both a CV and a resume. This resource discusses the issues and gives some clarifying examples.
15. Get Feedback
Different disciplines may have different expectations regarding CV content and presentation. Consult with faculty members and the Career Centre for feedback. For examples of CVs for different disciplines see “The CV Handbook” and “The PhD Handbook for the Academic Job Search” available in hardcopy for use in the Career Centre. For industry or hybrid positions, use your network and get feedback from others in the organization in similar roles or those in hiring roles in similar organizations or industries, if possible.
To schedule an individual CV critique, make an appointment by phone (905) 828-5451.
Please note that this information is subject to change. It is best to refer to the original sources for the most up-to-date information.
Updated July 2023