Geography (HBSc)


About the Program

The Geography BSc offers a broad perspective on physical geography. In-depth studies include climatology, hydrology and ecosystems, with possible specialization in biogeochemistry, arctic regions, landscape ecology, natural resources and urban climate. The curriculum stresses the integrative nature of the discipline as well as the development of skills in geographical information analysis.

Our department prides itself in being at the forefront of student experience at UTM. Our faculty are very successful and active researchers, maintaining research programs, laboratories and supervise graduate students at UTM. They are also outstanding teachers, with several of our faculty being recognized with teaching awards from both inside and outside the university. 


Honours Bachelor of Science

Program Options

Specialist, Major, Minor

After completing your first year, you'll be asked to confirm what program(s) you wish to study – your Programs of Study. They can be integrated in unique ways to obtain your U of T degree, but must be one of the following three combinations: one Specialist; or two Majors; or one Major and two Minors. You don't need to worry about that now, but if you'd like to learn more about this process, watch our handy video (7 min).

Admission Requirements

You apply to an admission category, which is a collection of similar programs. Once you've accepted an offer of admission to our campus, we go into greater detail about specific program and course selection options.

At the end of your first year, you will choose your program(s), which means that your first year is an excellent opportunity to explore the full breadth of offerings.

Regardless of what you study, remember that you will receive a prestigious University of Toronto degree when you graduate that tells everyone that you are ranked among the best in the world!

OUAC Application Code
Program Course Prerequisites
English, Calculus/Advanced Functions, one of Biology/Chemistry/Physics based on future interest
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Approximate Competitive Average
Mid to High 70s

The admission average is calculated with English (ENG4U) plus the next best five Grade 12 U or M courses. Meeting these minimum requirements does not guarantee you admission to the University. Admission is subject to space availability and competition.

The content in this section is based on requirements in the Ontario curriculum.

Find requirements to other common curricula:

Please visit the Admissions section of our site for full requirements.

Discover Your Potential


A new study from U of T Mississauga earth science researchers reveals surprising new information about how powerful winds shape the landscape in a remote part of the Andes mountain range.

Barn Owl

The Niagara Region is known for its wineries, tourist attractions, and proximity to the United States border. But UTM researchers have found that it’s also home to species at risk, and many could be delisted and stripped of protection under the More Homes, More Choice Act.

Sydney Clackett

A U of T Mississauga research team has bored into the past, unlocking the secrets hidden beneath tree bark, to meticulously record the history of Klondike-era pollution – prompting a larger study of mercury contamination in the north.

Student Experience

Courses You Would Love


This course examines social geography in the North American context with a specific focus on identity/difference and inequalities in cities. This course examines social geography in the North American context.

Place Marker

This course looks critically at how places and people are come to be labelled as indigenous and how this labelling is tied to political, social, economic, and environmental systems that shape the spaces in which we all live.


The course focus is classical and contemporary geopolitical theories. We examine different and competing ideas and consider how and if geographic logic of the international (or global) political order has changed.

Planning Ahead

Whether you want to land your dream job, conduct groundbreaking research, or start your own business, we can get you there. Here are resources to help you explore your career options.

Career Options

Created by our Career Centre, the Careers by Major database identifies some potential career fields, how to gain related skills and experience, and useful resources and job samples. But always remember, your program of study doesn't have to determine your career!

Program Plans

Program Plans are quick and accessible overviews of the many academic and co-curricular opportunities available to help you get the most out of your UTM experience.

Tip Sheets

The Career Centre offers dozens of tip sheets with helpful information about topics related to searching for work, planning your career, and pursuing further education.

View to the U: An eye on UTM research

View to the U is a podcast that features U of T Mississauga faculty members from a range of disciplines who will illuminate some of the inner-workings of the science labs and enlighten the social sciences and humanities hubs at UTM.

Tenley Conway

On this episode of the podcast, Professor Tenley Conway talks about her work examining how human-environmental interactions impact the urban forests in cities and suburbs, and the diverse group of actors or the residents that end up shaping what she refers to as our “urban ecosystem.” 

Other Programs to Consider



Geology is the discipline that studies our planet and all of its natural environments with an emphasis on the field and laboratory study of the Earth. This program is recommended for students wishing to pursue careers in the resource industries or graduate studies in Geology. The extraction of Canada’s mineral and petroleum wealth contributes billions to the Canadian economy, directly employing nearly a million workers. Our department has longstanding relationships with these industries.

Environmental Science

Environmental Science

Environmental Science is an interdisciplinary study of complex environmental problems involving the natural world and human impacts. Students can tailor the scientific focus of the program to their own interests, by choosing courses from Geographical and Earth Science perspectives; Biological/Ecological perspectives; and Physical/Chemical perspectives. Courses on Social and Policy perspectives are also part of the program; no matter which pathway is followed, some courses on Social and Policy Perspectives are required.