Kent Moore

Kent Moore

Ph.D. | Professor | Physics | Atmospheric Physics

Research Areas:

High latitude climate dynamics, Mountain meteorology, High altitude physiology

Research Profile:

Moore Research

Professor Moore uses theoretical, computational and observational techniques to improve our knowledge of the dynamics of the climate system so as to improve our ability to place currently observed changes to the climate in a long-term context. Professor Moore also applies these same techniques to the study of the meteorology of mountainous areas of the Earth as well as the impact that weather in these areas has on human physiology and performance. Professor Moore undertakes field work in the Arctic, Greenland and the Himalaya using automatic weather stations, instrumented research aircraft and ships in the course of his research. 

Currently, the focus of Professor Moore’s research is in understanding the impact that topographic obstacles such as Greenland and the Himalaya have on the climate in adjoining regions. This work has and will continue to improve our understanding of the changes that are occurring in these regions as the Earth warms.  In addition, Professor Moore is involved with an international collaboration that is seeking to understand the processes through which heat, moisture and momentum are exchanged between the high latitude ocean and atmosphere and the impact that a declining sea ice cover has on these exchanges.  This work has implications on the impact that climate change has on important ocean circulation systems such as the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.

Courses Taught:

PHY241H5 and PHY451H5 (undergraduate); PHY2509H1 (graduate)


Moore, G.W.K., Howell, S.E.L., Brady, M. Xu, X, & McNeil, K. (2021). Anomalous collapses of Nares Strait ice arches leads to enhanced export of Arctic sea ice. Nat Commun 12(1). 

Renfrew, I.A., Barrell, C., Elvidge, A.D., Brooke, J.K., Duscha, C., King, J.C., Kristiansen, J., Lachlan Cope, T., Moore, G.W.K., Pickart, R.S., Reuder, J., Sandu, I., Sergeev, D., Terpstra, A., Vage, K., & Weiss, A. (2021). An evaluation of surface meteorology and fluxes over the Iceland and Greenland Seas in ERA5 reanalysis: The impact of sea ice distribution. Q J R Meteorol Soc. 147: 691– 712.

Moore G.W.K., Cristofanelli, P., Bonasoni, P., Verza, G.P., Semple, J.L. (2020). Was an Avalanche Swarm Responsible for the Devastation at Mount Everest Base Camp During the April 2015 Nepal Earthquake? High Alt Med Biol. 21(4), 352-359. doi: 10.1089/ham.2019.0069. PMID: 33350889.

Lin, P., Pickart, R. S., Jochumsen, K., Moore, G. W. K., Valdimarsson, H., Fristedt, T., & Pratt, L. J. (2020). Kinematic Structure and Dynamics of the Denmark Strait Overflow from Ship-Based Observations, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50(11), 3235-3251. Retrieved Feb 22, 2021, from

Pacini, A., Pickart, R. S., Bahr, F., Torres, D. J., Ramsey, A. L., Holte, J., Karstensen, J., Oltmanns, M., Straneo, F., Le Bras, I. A., Moore, G. W. K., & Femke de Jong, M. (2020). Mean Conditions and Seasonality of the West Greenland Boundary Current System near Cape Farewell, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50(10), 2849-2871. Retrieved Feb 22, 2021, from

Gu, M., Moore, G.W.K., Wood, K.R., & Wang, Z. (2020). Planetary Boundary Layer Heights from Cruises in Spring to Autumn Chukchi-Beaufort Sea Compared with ERA5, Earth and Space Science Open Archive. 

Oltmanns, M., Karstensen, J., Moore, G. W. K. & Josey, S. A. (2020). Rapid Cooling and Increased Storminess Triggered by Freshwater in the North Atlantic, Geophysical Research Letters, 47(14). 

Danielson, S.L., Ahkinga, O., Ashjian, C., Basyuk, E., Cooper, L.W., Eisner, L., Farley, E., Iken, K.B., Grebmeier, J.M., Juranek, L., Khen, G., Jayne, S.R., Kikuchi, T., Ladd, C., Lu, K., McCabe, R.M., Moore, G.W.K., Nishino, S., Ozenna, F., Pickart, R.S., Polyakov, I., Stabeno, P.J., Thoman, R., Williams, W.J., Wood, K., & Weingartner, T.J. (2020).
Manifestation and consequences of warming and altered heat fluxes over the Bering and Chukchi Sea continental shelves,
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 177.

Semple, J. L., & Moore, G.W.K. (2020). High levels of ambient ozone (O3) may impact COVID-19 in high altitude mountain environments. Respiratory physiology & neurobiology, 280, 103487.

Majeed, H., Coles, J. G., & Moore, G.W.K. (2020). Influence of Atlantic and Pacific Sea Surface Temperatures on Heat-Related Mortality in the United States. GeoHealth, 4(2), e2019GH000220.

Moore, G.W.K., Vage, K., Renfrew, I., & Pickart, R. (2020). Evolving air-sea interaction over the Nordic and Barents Seas and its impact on water mass transformation. Nature climate change.

De Benedetti, M. & Moore, G.W.K. (2019). Impact of model resolution on the representation of the wind speed field: An example from the United Kingdom, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society.

You, Q., Bao, Y., Jiang, Z., Pepin, N., & Moore, G. W. K. (2019). Surface pressure and elevation correction from observation and multiple reanalyses over the Tibetan Plateau. Climate Dynamics, 53(9), 5893-5908.

Moore, G. W. K., Schweiger, A., Zhang, J., & Steele, M. (2019). Spatiotemporal variability of sea ice in the arctic's last ice area. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(20), 11237-11243.

Foukal, N. P., Pickart, R. S., Moore, G. W. K., & Lin, P. (2019). Shelfbreak Downwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(10), 7201-7225.

Pacini, A., Moore, G. W. K., Pickart, R. S., Nobre, C., Bahr, F., Våge, K., & Arrigo, K. R. (2019). Characteristics and transformation of Pacific winter water on the Chukchi Sea shelf in late spring. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(10), 7153-7177.

Renfrew, I. A., Pickart, R. S., Våge, K., Moore, G. W.K., Bracegirdle, T. J., Elvidge, A. D., ... & Zhou, S. (2019). The Iceland Greenland Seas Project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(9), 1795-1817.

Campbell, E. C., Wilson, E. A., Moore, G. W. K., Riser, S. C., Brayton, C. E., Mazloff, M. R., & Talley, L. D. (2019). Antarctic offshore polynyas linked to Southern Hemisphere climate anomalies. Nature, 570(7761), 319-325.

Lin, P., Pickart, R. S., Moore, G. W. K., Spall, M. A., & Hu, J. (2019). Characteristics and dynamics of wind-driven upwelling in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea based on six years of mooring data. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 162, 79-92.

Li, M., Pickart, R. S., Spall, M. A., Weingartner, T. J., Lin, P., Moore, G. W. K., & Qi, Y. (2019). Circulation of the Chukchi Sea shelfbreak and slope from moored timeseries. Progress in oceanography, 172, 14-33.

Josey, S. A., De Jong, M. F., Oltmanns, M., Moore, G. W. K., & Weller, R. A. (2019). Extreme variability in Irminger Sea winter heat loss revealed by ocean observatories initiative mooring and the ERA5 reanalysis. Geophysical Research Letters, 46(1), 293-302.

Brakstad, A., Våge, K., Håvik, L., & Moore, G. W. K. (2019). Water mass transformation in the Greenland Sea during the period 1986–2016. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 49(1), 121-140.

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