Enrico Raffaelli

Enrico Raffaelli

Associate Professor
Historical Studies - History of Religions
  • Room:
    MN 4230
  • Office Hours:
    Please refer to the syllabus and/or contact via email.
  • Mailing Address:

    3359 Mississauga Road, Maanjiwe nendamowinan, 4th Floor
    Mississauga, ON L5L 1C6


Enrico Giuseppe Raffaelli's L’oroscopo del mondo deals with astrology in Zoroastrianism, its relation with Mesopotamian, Classical and Indian astrology, and its influence on Islamic astrology. He has also published several articles and book chapters on astrology in pre-Islamic Iran, and on the Avestan and Middle Persian literature.

The Sih-rozag in Zoroastrianism focused on the Avestan and Pahlavi versions of the Sih-rozag, a text worshipping Zoroastrian divine entities. It includes an edition, translation, and hilological and historico-religious commentary of the two versions of the text.

Enrico G. Raffaelli’s present areas of interest include the history of pre-Islamic Iranian literature, with a particular focus on the Avestan ritual texts, and on the Middle Persian texts of the Apocalyptic genre.


PhD in Zoroastrianism between 1999 and 2004 (in conjunction between the University of Naples "L'Orientale" and the École Pratique des Hautes Études Section of Religious Sciences of Paris)
Undergraduate studies specializing in Iranian studies with a focus on Zoroastrianism and the languages of the pre-Islamic Iran (University of Rome "La Sapienza")


  • History of Zoroastrianism


  • “Analyzing the Headings in Manuscripts F1 and E1: The Beginning Texts.” Special issue: “Special Issue Dedicated to Professor Maria Subtelny.” Iran Namag: A Quarterly of Iranian Studies 6, nos. 3–4 (2021): 54–69.
  • “Apocalyptic. In Zoroastrianism (pre-Islamic and early Islamic period).” In Encyclopedia of Ancient History: Asia and Africa, edited by Ethan Harkness, Jason Neelis and Roderick McIntosh. Article published 2021. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119399919.eahaa00056.
  • “Astrology in the pre-Islamic Iranian world.” In Encyclopedia of Ancient History: Asia and Africa, edited by Ethan Harkness, Jason Neelis and Roderick McIntosh. Article published 2021.https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119399919.eahaa00033.
  • “Day-name Titles, Content Titles, Mixed titles: The Different Appellations of the Avestan Yašts 5, 8, 9, 15, 18, and 19.” Studia Iranica 49 (2020): 163–205.
  • “Astrology and Religion in the Zoroastrian Pahlavi texts.” Journal Asiatique 305, no. 2 (2017): 171–90. “Guest Editor’s Introduction.” Special issue: “Pre-Islamic Iranian Literary Heritage,” Iranian Studies, 45, no. 2 (2012): 165–67.
  • “L’astrologie dans le zoroastrisme d’époque sassanide: L’exemple de la 5ème section du Bundahišn.” Special issue: “Proceedings of the 6th EASR / IAHR Special Conference: Religious History of Europe and Asia, Bucharest, 20–23 September 2006, Volumes 4 & 5,” Studia Asiatica 11, nos. 1–2 (2010): 63–87.
  • “Le Sīh-rōzag et sa traduction en moyen-perse: Une analyse philologique et  historico-religieuse.” Annuaire de l’École Pratique des Hautes Études: Section des sciences religieuses. Résumés des conférences et travaux, 112 (2003–4): 443–45.
  • “The Diagrams of the Zāyč ī gēhān.” East and West 49 (1999): 285–91.
  • Sīh-rōzag.” In Encylopaedia Iranica. Article published 2011.
  • Zayča.” In Encyclopaedia Iranica. Article published 2011.


  • Review of God and Sheikh Adi are PerfectSacred Poems and Religious Narratives from the Yezidi Tradition, by Philip G. Kreyenbroek and Khalid Jindy Rashow. Iranian Studies 44, no. 2 (2011): 276–280.
  • Review of Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. 12, Harem IIlluminationismEast and West 57, nos. 1–4 (2007): 405–11.
  • Review of Religious Themes and Texts of Pre-Islamic Iran and Central Asia: Studies in Honour of Professor Gherardo Gnoli on the Occasion of his 65th   
  • Birthday on 6th December 2002, edited by Carlo G. Cereti, Mauro Maggi and Elio Provasi. Studia Iranica 35, no. 2 (2006): 304–9.
  • Review of Dādestān ī dēnīgPart 1, Transcription, Translation and Commentary, edited by Mahmoud Jaafari-Dehaghi. East and West 50, nos. 1–4 (2000): 573–75.
  • Review of Scritti sulla storia dell'astronomia antica, by Giovanni Virgilio
  • Schiaparelli. Rivista degli studi orientali 73 (2000): 305–9.

Books and Book Chapters:

  • Yašts and Bayān Yašts: Observations on the History of the Avestan Hymns.” In Iranian Studies in Honour of Adriano V. Rossi. Edited by Sabir Badalkhan, Gian Pietro Basello and Matteo De Chiara. Vol. 2, 701–12. Naples: Università degli Studi di Napoli “L’Orientale,” 2019.
  • “The Amesha spentas and their helpers: the Zoroastrian ham-kars.” In Des contrées avestiques à Mahabad, via Bisotun: Études offertes en hommage à Pierre Lecoq, edited by Céline Redard, 207–31. Neuchâtel: Recherches et Publications, 2016.
  • The Sīh-rōzag and Zoroastrianism: A Philological and Historico-Religious Analysis. New York: Routledge, 2014. 348 pages.
  • “En attendant la fin: Remarques à propos de deux textes eschatologiques pehlevis.” In Penser la fin du monde, edited by Emma Aubin-Boltanski and Claudine Gauthier, 131–145. Paris: CNRS Editions, 2014.
  • Bundahišn 26 and the Pahlavi Sīh-rōzag: Comparative Notes.” In Ancient and Middle Iranian Studies: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference of Iranian Studies, Held in Vienna, 18–22 September 2007, edited by Maria Macuch, Dieter Weber and Desmond Durkheim-Meisterernst, 161–177. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2010.
  • “The Astrological Chapter of the Škand Gumānīg Wizār.” In Kayd: Studies in the History of Mathematics, Astronomy and Astrology in Memory of David Pingree, edited by Gherardo Gnoli and Antonio Panaino, 105–27. Serie Orientale Roma 102. Rome: Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente, 2009.
  • “Il testo avestico Sīh-rōzag e la sua versione mediopersiana” (The Avestan text Sīh-rōzag and its Middle Persian translation). In Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the Societas Iranologica Europaea, held in Ravenna, 6–11 October 2003. Vol. 1, Ancient and Middle Iranian Studies, edited by Antonio Panaino and Andrea Piras, 435–40. Milan: Mimesis, 2006.
  • “Brani astrologici di origine iranica in manoscritti bizantini” (Astrological passages of Iranian origin in Byzantine manuscripts). In Varia Iranica, edited by Carlo G. Cereti, Beniamino Melasecchi, Farrokh Vajifdar, 129–44. Orientalia Romana 7, Serie Orientale Roma 97. Rome: Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente, 2004.
  • “Mots et doctrines moyen-perses dans les textes arabes.” In Iran: Questions et connaissancesActes du IVe Congrès européen des études iraniennes organisé par la Societas Iranologica Europaea (Paris 6–10 septembre 1999). Vol. 1, La période ancienne, edited by Philip Huyse, 111–20. Studia Iranica, cahier 25. Paris: Association pour l’Avancement des Études Iraniennes, 2002.
  • L'oroscopo del mondoIl tema di nascita del mondo e del primo uomo secondo l’astrologia zoroastriana (The horoscope of the world: The birth chart of the world and of the first man according to Zoroastrian astrology). Simorgh. Milan: Mimesis,  2001. 216 pages.          
  • “Il tema del mondo e il tema di Gayōmard nel Bundahišn” (The horoscope of the world and the horoscope of Gayōmard in the Bundahišn). In Giovanni Schiaparelli, storico dell'astronomia e uomo di cultura: Atti del seminario di studi. Milano, 12–13 maggio 1997, Osservatorio astronomico di Brera, edited by Antonio Panaino and Guido Pellegrini, 187–193. Milan: Mimesis and Istituto Italiano per l’Africa el’Oriente, 1999.       

Collections Edited:

  • Philippe Gignoux, Chrétiens et mazdéens en terre d’Iran à l’époque sassanide. With Matteo de Chiara. Rome: Scienze e Lettere. 2014. 680 pp.
  • Special issue: “Pre-Islamic Iranian Literary Heritage,” Iranian Studies, vol. 45, no. 2 (2012). 115 pages.