2021-22 Fall Winter - Classical Civilization: Topic Courses
CLA390H5F - Topics in Greek History & Culture: Greek Sanctuaries: Archaeology and Ritual (M. Haase)
This course explores the development and function of Greek sanctuaries. It pays special attention to the archaeological evidence and the roles of sanctuaries in Greel society. We study several major sanctuaries and their festivals and rituals in detail (Delphi, Olympia, Samos, Athenian Acropolis) as well as smaller sites in the Greek world. We also examine the relationshp between the architecture, dedicatons and votive offerings, inscriptions, sacred laws and literary texts relevant to Greek religious practice. Since sanctuaries received major dedications and served as hubs for artistic exchange, we investigate some of the most important monuments int eh history of Greek art and architecture.
CLA395H5S - Topics in Classics: Magna Graecia: Culture and Society of the Western Greeks (M. Haase)
"Greater Greece" (Gk. Megale Hellas; Lt. Magna Graecia) is the collective name for the Greek cities of the coastal areas of Southern Italy and Sicily, where Greek settlers began to arrive in the 8th century BCE. The course explores Greek culture and society in southern Italy and Sicily through a wide variety of textual sources and material culture, including inscriptions, coins, literary texts, but also art and architecture. We investigate the historical, political and economic situations that led to the colonisation, study its process from historical and archaeological persepctives, and examine the development and the architectural and artistic productions of several Greek apoikiai (colonies). We analyse and compare the historical narrative on the foundations offered by Greek and Roman authors, the archaeological evidence (such as urban planning, the arrangement of domestic, public and sacred spaces in the Greek cities, and the relationship between each city and its territory), and the foundation myths that legitimised the colonisation. Last but not least, we explore the relationship between South-Italian Greek and non-Greek populations, its evolution over time, and the mechanisms of appropriation by which local inhabitants assimilated elements of the culture brought by the Greek settlers.