Luisa Schwartzman

Luisa Schwartzman

Associate Professor Sociology
Office Location:
3359 Mississauga Road
Mississauga , ON
L5L 1C6

Professor Schwartzman investigates the ways that classification and meaning-making around race and ethnicity are implicated in the reproduction of inequality, and in efforts by contemporary state institutions to track and address the inequalities that have arisen from earlier, and ongoing, exclusionary use of such categories. She aims to understand such practices cross-nationally, using both qualitative and quantitative methods.

Her early work, developed from her dissertation, focuses on the relationship between racial classification, social stratification, and affirmative action in Brazil. There, Professor Schwartzman examines how racialized stratification processes and race-based affirmative action work in a context where the boundaries between “black” and “white” are relatively fuzzy and porous. In other words, she asks how, why and with what consequences Brazilians are categorized as “black,” “white,” or “brown” (pardo).

In her more recent work, Professor Schwartzman has broadened her research program beyond Brazil to other countries and expanded it from racial labeling to a broader set of practices of distinction and meaning-making, which intersect with racial and ethnic boundary-making in different ways. This broader research agenda has led Professor Schwartzman to a diverse set of topics, such as the meanings of “immigrant background” in Germany, struggles over the appropriate justifications of affirmative action in Brazil, the racial and ethnic classification of second-generation immigrants in the British census, and the role of the idea of “culture” in evolving understandings of multiculturalism and racial democracy in Canada and Brazilian mainstream media.

Current projects include an examination of the relationship between racialization and violent victimization in Brazil, as well as a comparison of Brazilian and Canadian university students' understanding of race, ethnicity and diversity


Schwartzman, Luisa Farah. “Color violence, deadly geographies, and the meanings of 'race' in Brazil." Ethnic and Racial Studies, 2019.

Schwartzman, Luisa Farah. "The Integration of the White into the Community of Color, or How the Europeans Became Brazilian in the Twentieth Century." TRANSMODERNITY: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World 8.2, 2018.

Schwartzman, Luisa Farah and Angela Randolpho Paiva. "Not Just Racial Quotas: Affirmative Action in Brazilian Higher Education 10 Years Later." British Journal of Sociology of Education, Vol. 37, No. 4, 548-566, 2016.

Kesler, Christel and Luisa Farah Schwartzman, "From Multi-Racial Subjects to Multi-Cultural Citizens: Social Stratification and Ethnoracial Classification among Children of Immigrants in the United Kingdom." International Migration Review, Volume 49, Issue 3, pages 790–836, 2015.

Elrick, Jennifer and Luisa Farah Schwartzman. "From Statistical Category to Social Category: Organized Politics and Official Categorizations of ‘Persons with a Migration Background’ in Germany." Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 38, n. 9, pp.1539-1556, 2015.

Schwartzman, Luisa Farah and Graziella Moraes D. Silva "Unexpected Narratives from Multicultural Policies: Translations of Affirmative Action in Brazil." Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies, Vol.7 No.1, pp. 31-48, 2012.

Schwartzman, Luisa Farah, “Seeing Like Citizens: Unofficial Understandings of Official Racial Categories in a Brazilian University.” Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 41, part 2, May 2009.

Schwartzman, Luisa Farah, “Who are the Blacks? The Question of Racial Classification in Brazilian Affirmative Action Policies in Higher Education.” Cahiers de la Recherche sur l'Éducation et les Savoirs, No. 7, October 2008.

Schwartzman, Luisa Farah, “Does Money Whiten? Intergenerational Changes in Racial Classification in Brazil.”  American Sociological Review, Vol 72, pp. 940-963, December 2007.


Race & Ethnicity
Ph.D. (Sociology, University of Wisconsin-Madison)
MA (Latin American Studies, Stanford University)
BA (Economics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)