Careers by Major - Geology & Earth Science

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Careers for graduates

Geology graduates have many career path opportunities to choose from. The following list is only a sample of possible career opportunities.

Note: This is not an exhaustive list as there are many other careers available. Many positions require additional education or experience.

  • Mine Geologist
  • Surveyor
  • Laboratory Supervisor
  • Geological Technician
  • Prospector
  • Training Coordinator
  • Environmental Coordinator
  • Community Affairs Manager
  • Virtual Reality Modeler
  • Sales, Mining Products
  • Sampler Analyst
  • Minerals Processing Technician
  • Coordinator, Safety and Health Education
  • Technical coordinator
  • Exploration Geologist
  • Production Geologist
  • Buyer
  • Technical Sales Representative
  • Compliance Officer
  • Commodity Manager
  • Regulatory Law Associate
  • Site Cost Controller
  • Analyst Trade Controls
  • Survey Technician*
  • Geologist*
  • Hydrologist*
  • Environmental Technician*
  • Engineering Technician*
  • Mining Engineering Technician* (requires diploma)
  • Explosives Specialist*
  • Land Surveyor*
  • Paleontologist*
  • Cartographer*
  • GIS Specialist*
  • Land Agent*
  • Oceanographer*
  • Biological Technician*
  • Petroleum Engineering Technician*
  • Chemical Engineering Technician*
  • Meteorologist*
  • Geophysicist
  • Geobiologist
  • Geochemist
  • Paleobiologist
  • Paleoclimatologist
  • Physicist*

Note: career profiles for many of the above jobs are available in the Career Centre. Those marked with an asterisk(*) can be viewed using Career Cruising, a Cdn. electronic career guide available in the Centre

Who employs geology graduates?

  • Mineral and hydrocarbon companies
  • Environmental sector
  • Provincial and federal government departments
  • Resource and financial companies
  • Government agencies
  • Academic institutions

Skills developed by geology majors

  • Research
  • Technical
  • Communication
  • Quantitative/ Statistical Analysis
  • Critical Thinking / Problem Solving
  • Organizational
  • Assessment and Evaluation skills
  • Project management skills
  • Developing/ Writing proposals
  • Observation and Documentation skills
  • Understanding of environmental issues
  • Surveying and sampling

Sample job listings for graduating students/recent graduates

Below is a sample of the types of positions that have recently been posted with the Career Centre for graduating students or recent graduates. To access full-time opportunities (for up to two years after graduation), you must first attend an orientation. Drop by or call us at 905-828-5451 for more information.

  • Junior Mining Rock Mechanics Engineer, Golder Associates Ltd.
  • Field Geologist, Century Iron Ore Mining Corporation
  • District Geologist, Ontario Public Service
  • Backfill Specialist, Vale
  • Geoscience, Schlumberger Oilfield Services
  • Seismic Analyst, ESG Solutions

Don't forget about U of T Mississauga alumni!

Check out our Alumni Profiles page, to read profiles of UTM alumni who have studied in this area, find out about their career path and how their experiences have affected their career direction.

How to get experience

Start early by seeking relevant summer, part-time and volunteer opportunities that will help you gain experience and develop the skills that employers want. Below is a sample of the types of temporary positions that have recently been posted with the Career Centre. To access the summer, part-time, temporary and volunteer postings, register with the Career Centre Online. Past examples include:

  • Undergraduate Assistant, Natural Resources Canada
  • Geologist, Nexen
  • Geotechnical Research Assistant, Rocscience
  • Writer, Earth Day Centre
  • GeoScience Student, Shell Canada Ltd.

Extern Job Shadowing Program

Extern is a career exploration program that offers you the opportunity to meet with people working in your preferred career area for placements of 1-5 days.

Research Opportunity Program (ROP) at UTM

UTM's Research Opportunity Program (ROP) allows students in their second and third year to earn one full course credit by participating in a faculty member's research project. Check the ROP website for information about the program including application deadlines.

Other ways to get involved

UTM Clubs and Community Associations: Join on-campus clubs and community associations that demonstrate your commitment and enthusiasm for particular industries. For example, check out the Erindale Society of Chemical & Physical Sciences.

Professional associations & web links

Each industry has affiliated associations. There are many benefits of becoming a member of an association, such as stating your affiliation on your resume. In addition to your experiences and the completion of your university degree, a student membership in an association is one way to get an edge in the job market. It also furthers your knowledge of a particular field.

The Canadian Council of Professional Geoscientists is a kind of umbrella organization that is beginning to govern accreditation of "professional geoscientists." 

The Association of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario is the provincial professional geoscience licensing and regulatory body.

The Prospectors and Developers Association of Canada represents the interests of the Canadian mineral exploration and development industry.

The Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum serves minerals, materials, and petroleum industries and professionals around the world.

The Geological Association of Canada “facilitates the scientific well-being and professional development of its members, the learned discussion of geoscience in Canada, and the advancement, dissemination and wise use of geoscience in public, professional and academic life.”

The Mineralogical Association of Canada “was formed in 1955 as a non-profit scientific organization to promote and advance the knowledge of mineralogy and the allied disciplines of crystallography, petrology, geochemistry and mineral deposits.”

The Mining industry Human Resources Council addresses human resources challenges in the Canadian mining industry. Check out the council’s career videos and its related site called "Explore for More" for more information on the careers in the industry.
This site provides information on the various options and industry areas that Earth Science/Geology graduate can work in. Additionally, it also provides location-specific labour market information.
(contains several industry-specific publications, information on government funded programs from Natural Resources Canada)
(Link contains career-related information, job opportunities and earth science/geology related events happening in North America)
AGI provides information services, serves as a voice of shared interests in the geosciences profession, plays a major role in strengthening geoscience education, and strives to increase public understanding of the vital role the geosciences play in society's use of resources, resilience to natural hazards, and interaction with the environment. This particular link focuses on career information for students.


Career Centre Library Resources:

  • Outdoor Careers: Exploring Occupations in Outdoor Fields (Book)
  • Careers for Nature Lovers and Other Outdoor Types (Book)
  • Survey of Mines and Energy Resources (Occupational section)
  • Canadian and American Mines Handbook (Occupational information)
  • Careers for Non-Conformists (Book)
  • What You Can Do With a Science Degree (Book)
  • Put Your Science to Work (Book)
  • Alternative Careers in Science (Book)
  • Careers in Environment (Panel package 2004)
  • Alumni Career Night: Environment and Geography (Panel package 2009)

Additionally, visit the Career Centre to access several binders that provide specific occupational information on careers such as “Geologist”, “Earth Scientist” etc. Further, also look at employer directories located in the Career Centre Library which will give you specific information on employers within a particular industry.

The Career Centre Resource Library is located in DV 3094. For more information please visit us, call 905-828-5451 or e-mail:

What's your next step? Take a look at our Sample Career Plan to see suggested steps that you can take towards developing your career-work search plan. Check our Events Calendar regularly for upcoming career related events (we offer several networking events and panels throughout the year). Watch for our Get Experience Fair (held annually in September), the Graduate and Professional School Fair (held annually in late September or early October), and the Summer Job Fair (held annually in January).