Dr. Heather M.-L. Miller
Associate Professor, University of Toronto
       and UTM Anthropology Chair
Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto Mississauga
       and Anthropology Graduate Faculty, St. George

Primary Office: 302 Health Sciences Complex (HSC), UTM
Phone: 905-828-3741
FAX:  905-828-3837
Email:  heather.miller "at" utoronto.ca  (check below first -
                   the information you need may be provided!)

Mailing Address:  Anthropology, UTM
   3359 Mississauga Road North
                             Mississauga, ON L5L1C6

Office Hours for Winter/Spring 2014:  By appointment






Fall 2013

ANT310H:  Complex Societies (Fall 2013 syllabus - pdf)  

Selection of syllabi for past courses

ANT101H    Introduction to Biological Anthropology and Archaeology  (Summer 2006 syllabus-htm)  (Summer 2007 syllabus-htm) (Spring 2012 syllabus-pdf)  (Spring 2013 syllabus-pdf)
ANT102H    Introduction to Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology (Summer 2006 syllabus-htm)  (Summer 2007 syllabus-htm)
ANT310H   Complex Societies  (Fall 2005 Syllabus-htm) (Fall 2013 syllabus - pdf)  
ANT310H   Complex Societies   (Spring 2008 syllabus-pdf)  (310Essay Instructions-pdf)
    Link to library reference page - seaches & encyclopedias-htm (helpful for other classes too!)
ANT312H   Archaeological Analysis    (Fall 2004 syllabus-htm) (Fall 2011 syllabus-pdf)
ANT316H   Archaeology of South /Asia
   (Fall 2004 syllabus-htm) (Fall 2006 syllabus-htm(Fall 2011 syllabus-pdf)
ANT320H:  Approaches to Archaeological Technology (Syllabus Fall 2010-pdf)
ANT405Y   Technology, Society and Culture   (2008-09 syllabus-htm - year long course)
ANT416H  Advanced Archaeological Analysis (Spring 2009 syllabus - PDF)
ANT1000  Theoretical Paradigms and Case Studies (required Masters course)  (Fall 2007 syllabus-htm) (Fall 2008 syllabus-pdf)
ANT4038  Archaeology of Urbanism (graduate course)   (Fall 2005 syllabus-htm)
ANT4068  Ancient Technology /Archaeology of Technology (graduate course)  (Fall 2004 syllabus-htm(Fall 2006 syllabus-htm)   (Spring 2011 syllabus-doc)

SAS 2004H:  Issues in South Asian Studies (Spring 2008 syllabus-pdf)  (SAS2004Assignment Instructions-pdf)

Information for Students:  Careers in Anthropology

Applying to graduate school?
    See this link for information on what you need to do
 (including how to write a CV) 

Want to know more about non-academic careers in anthropology?  
    (1) Look at the web site for the National Association for Practicing Anthropologists (NAPA)
            (part of the American Anthropological Association):   www.practicinganthropology.org
    (2) Or the web site for the Society for Applied Anthropology:     www.sfaa.net



Ancient Technology - Material Culture
        Social Aspects of Technology, Craft Production, Manufacturing Techniques & Materials
Complex/Urban Societies
        Comparative;  South Asia, including Indus Valley Civilization, Mughal & Historic period
Regional Inter-connections
        Transportation & Communication, Cultural Contact
Human Ecology / Cultural Geography
        Resource & Subsistence Systems - Human/Plant Interrelations

I've done much of my research on high-temperature pyrotechnologies in the Indus civilization, particularly at the site of Harappa.  This research has been conducted through my involvement with the Harappa Archaeological Research Project (HARP), whose work is featured at www.harappa.com. You can learn more about the archaeology of the ancient city of Harappa and other aspects of the Indus civilization at this web site.  My publications on Indus craft production, agricultural systems, and social/political structures are listed below.

My newer research is currently centred around the medieval/Islamic period trade and communication routes through northwestern Pakistan, particularly through the city of Peshawar.  I am working with a number of Pakistani and international scholars on a long-term project, the Caravanserai Networks Project, to examine economic, political, and social aspects of the contact between people along these routes.  A major part of this endeavour is the development of a database of travel amenity locations based on both textual and archaeological data, which will eventually be available to the research community as a searchable internet database (we hope).
My field research at the moment is the development of a pottery typology for both glazed and unglazed ceramics from the excavations at Gor Khuttree in the centre of Peshwar, work being conducted by the Directorate for Archaeology and Museums of the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP).  My graduate student, Jennifer Campbell, is conducting architectural analysis of the Gor Khuttree and other Mughal period serais in the region, including the creation of a flexible typology for the recording of standing architecture. 
This research has been funded by the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), and the Connaught Foundation at the University of Toronto, with great assistance from Prof. Ihsan Ali, formerly Director of the NWFP Directorate and now Vice-Chancellor of the University of Hazara, Pakistan. 

I was the CotsenVisiting Scholar at the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA in 2001-2002, and there are two articles about my interests in the Newsletter of the Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA.  For my general approach to ancient technology and my research project on caravanserai networks between South & Central Asia, see Backdirt Fall 2001.  For my last season of work at Harappa, see the lead article in Backdirt Spring 2002

Finally, in the summer of 2005 I spent six weeks in Papua New Guinea as the material culture consultant for a new project  on imagination and perception among the Asabano, directed by Prof. Roger Lohmann of Trent University.  More information on this project is posted on Dr. Lohmann's website.   Sharon McCartan (BA 2006 from UTM), Roger Lohmann, and I have been cataloguing and analyzing materials previously collected from the Asabano by Dr. Lohmann (wooden drums, wooden arrows, string bags, shell and fiber ornaments, bamboo smoking tubes, grass skirts, etc.). 

I am also currently a member of the Archaeology Centre at the University of Toronto, TUARC, the Trent University Archaeology Research Centre, and the Centre for South Asian Studies at the University of Toronto.

Selected Publications - Heather M.-L. Miller

2007   Archaeological Approaches to Technology.   formerly by Academic Press/Elsevier, now Left Coast Press (in paperback!)

2013  Weighty Matters: Evidence for unity and regional diversity from the Indus Civilization weights. In S. Abraham et al. (eds)  Connections and Complexity: New Approaches to the Archaeology of South and Central Asia. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

2012  Types of Learning in Apprenticeship. In: Archaeology and Apprenticeship: Body Knowledge, Identity & Communities of Practice, ed. Willeke Wendrich, pp. 224-239.  University of Arizona Press.

2010    Heather M.-L. Miller and Ihsan Ali.  Pottery Classification and Activities in a City Centre:  First Results from Pottery Analysis of Mughal to Modern Period Excavations at Gor Khuttree, Peshawar, Pakistan.  Ancient Pakistan XXI: 89-106.

2009  Brett Hoffman and Heather M.-L. Miller. Production and Consumption of Copper-base Metals in the Indus Civilization. Journal of World Prehistory 22(3): 237-264.

2008    Issues in the Determination of Ancient Value Systems:  The Role of Talc (Steatite) and Faience in the Indus Civilization.  For forthcoming Intercultural Relations Between South and Southwest Asia.  Studies in Commemoration of E.C.L. During-Caspers (1934-1996).  ed. Eric Olijdam.  pp. 145-157. BAR International Series.  Archaeopress.

2008  The Indus Talc-Faience Complex:  Types of Materials, Clues to Production.  In: South Asian Archaeology 1999, ed. Ellen M. Raven.  pp. 111-122. International Institute of Asian Studies (IIAS), Leiden, Netherlands.  (PDF courtesy of the publisher, for individual use only)

2007  Jonathan Mark Kenoyer and Heather M.-L. Miller. Multiple Crafts and Socio-Economic Associations in the Indus Civilization:  New Perspectives from Harappa, Pakistan.  In:  Rethinking Craft Production: The Nature of Producers and Multi-craft Organization, ed. Izumi Shimada.  pp. 152-183.  University of Utah Press.

2007  Associations and Ideologies in the Locations of Urban Craft Production at Harappa, Pakistan (Indus Civilization).  In:  Rethinking Specialization in Complex Societies: Archaeological Analysis of the Social Meaning of Production, ed. Zachary X. Hruby & Rowan K. Flad. pp. 37-51. Archaeological Paper of the American Anthropological Association (AP3A), Number 17.  American Anthropological Association and University of California-Berkeley Press.

2006  Comparing Landscapes of Transportation:  Riverine-oriented and land-oriented systems in the Indus Civilization and the Mughal Empire.  In:  Space and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology, ed.  E.C. Robertson et al.  pp. 281-292.  University of Calgary Press and University of New Mexico Press.

2006  Water Supply, Labor Organization and Land Ownership in Indus Floodplain Agricultural Systems.  In: Agriculture and Irrigation in Archaeology, ed. Charles Stanish & Joyce Marcus.  Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press.  (PDF courtesy of the publisher, for individual use only.)

2005    Investigating Copper Production at Harappa:  Surveys, Excavations and Finds.  In: South Asian Archaeology 2001, ed. Catherine Jarrige and Vincent Lefevre.  pp. 245-252.  Paris:  Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations.

2000    Reassessing the Urban Structure of Harappa:  Evidence from Craft Production Distribution.  In:  South Asian Archaeology 1997, ed. Maurizio Taddei & Giuseppe De Marco.  Rome: Istituto Italian per l'Africa e l'Oriente (IsIAO) & Istituto Universitario Orientale, Naples.  Pp. 77-100.

2000    Massimo Vidale & Heather M.-L. Miller.  On the development of Indus technical virtuosity and its relation to social structure.  In:  South Asian Archaeology 1997, ed. Maurizio Taddei & Giuseppe De Marco.  Rome: Istituto Italian per l'Africa e l'Oriente (IsIAO) & Istituto Universitario Orientale, Naples.  Pp. 115-132.

1999    Jonathan M. Kenoyer & Heather M.-L. Miller.  Metal Technologies of the Indus Valley Tradition in Pakistan and Western India.  In:  The Archaeometallurgy of the Asian Old World, ed. Vincent C. Pigott.  University of Pennsylvania Museum Monograph 89.  University Museum Symposium Series Volume VII.  MASCA Research Papers in Science and Archaeology Volume 16.  Philadelphia:  University Museum Publications, University of Pennsylvania.  Pp.  107-151.

1997    Pottery Firing Structures (Kilns) of the Indus Civilization During the Third Millennium B.C.  In: Prehistory & History of Ceramic Kilns, ed. Prudence Rice & W. David Kingery. Ceramics & Civilization Series, Volume VII.  Columbus, OH: American Ceramic Society.  Pp. 41-71.

1994    Metal Processing at Harappa and Mohenjo-daro:  Information from Non-Metal Remains.  In:  South Asian Archaeology 1993, ed. Asko Parpola & P. Koskikallio.  Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae; Series B, Vol. 271.  Helsinki:  Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.  Pp. 497-510.

1991    Urban Palaeoethnobotany at Harappa.  In:  Harappa Excavations 1986-1990:  A Multidisciplinary Approach to Third Millennium Urbanism, ed. Richard H. Meadow.  Madison, WI:  Prehistory Press.  Pp. 121-126.


Ph.D.  Anthropology,  University of Wisconsin-Madison, U.S.A.    1999
    Archaeology Concentration;   Minor in Geography
        Dissertation:  Pyrotechnology and  Society in the Cities of the Indus Valley
    Advisor: Dr. J. M. Kenoyer 

M.A. Anthropology,  University of Wisconsin-Madison        1989

M.Sc. Bioarchaeology,  Institute of Archaeology, University College London, U.K.    1988
    Archaeobotany Concentration
        M.Sc. Project:  "Preliminary Analysis of the Plant Remains from Tarakai Qila, Pakistan"
    with Distinction;  Sir Flinders Petrie Award

B.A. Honors Anthropology,  William Marsh Rice University, Houston, Texas, U.S.A.    1987
B.A. Biology
        Honors Thesis:  "Environmental Aspects of the Decline of the Indus Civilization"
    Magna Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa

This page last updated Jan. 6, 2014.