Table of Contents
Great Circle Hypotheis
Compass Bearings Hypothesis
Suns' Azimuth Hypothesis
Always Advance Hypothesis
Never Go Back Hypothesis
A Theoretical Kiepenheuer,
Schmidt-Koenig, and Gibo, Magnetoclinic, Magnetic Latitude, late Summer and Fall Migration
Route for Monarch Butterflies in Southeast Australia
Drawing by Diane Scott
- Joined arrows indicate one possible K/S-K/G Magnetoclinic, Magnetic Latitude, late
summer and fall migration route.
- Individual arrows located on and south of the -63° isocline of magnetic inclination
and on the -57° isocline, indicate local K/S-K Magnetoclinic routes.
- Arrows centred on the 61° isocline and the three arrows located between the 61° and
57° isoclines indicate local K/S-K/G Magnetoclinic, Magnetic Latitude, routes.
- All other lines, graphics, and numbers along margins same as in drawing of Kiepenheuer and Schmidt-Koenig Magnetoclinic
late summer and fall migration route.
- Monarch butterflies that migrate are assumed to be attempting to carry out the
eastern North America pattern of migration on the wrong continent. Because of the
properties of the magnetic field in the region, they end up trapped against the South
Pacific Ocean until their preferred direction reverses in the spring.
- Reversing the K/S-K/G migration route in the spring would direct the butterflies
inland, particularly migrants that start to the north of approximately the 60° isocline
of magnetic inclination.