Publications from Elizabeth Johnson's C.L.A.S.S. Lab

Google Scholar Page

In Press

Johnson, E.K., Van Heugten, M., & Buckler, H. (accepted). Navigating accent variation: a developmental perspective. Annual Review of Linguistics.

Paquette-Smith, M., Schertz, J. & Johnson, E.K. (in press). Comparing phonetic convergence in children and adults. Language and Speech. [pdf]

Saryazdi, R., DeSantis, D., Johnson, E.K., & Chambers, C.(accepted). The use of disfluency cues in spoken language processing: Insights from Aging. Psychology and Aging.

St. Pierre, T., Cooper, A. & Johnson, E.K. (accepted). Cross-generational phonetic alignment between mothers and their children. Language Learning and Development.


Fecher, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2021). Developmental improvements in talker recognition are specific to the native language. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 202. [pdf
Fecher, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2021). Revisiting the talker recognition advantage in bilingual infants. The Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 214.
Fung, P., Schertz, J., & Johnson, E.K. (2021). The development of gendered speech in children: Insights from adult L1 and L2 perceptions. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Express Letters, 1(1), 014407. [pdf] [link to journal]
Kragness, H.E., Johnson, E.K., & Cirelli, L. (2021). The song, not the singer: Infants prefer to listen to familiar songs, regardless of singer identity. Developmental Science. [pdf
Newman, R.S., Shroads, E.A., Johnson E.K., Kamdar, J., Morini, G., Onishi, K., Smith, E., Tincoff, R. (2021). Introducing BITTsy: The Behavioral Infant & Toddler Testing System. Behavior Research Methods. [pdf]
Schertz, J., Paquette-Smith, M., & Johnson, E.K. (2021). The independent contribution of voice onset time to perceptual metrics of convergence. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America - Express Letters, 1(4). [link to journal]
St.Pierre, T., & Johnson, E.K. (2021). Looking for wugs in all the right places: Children's learning of novel words using prepositions. Cognitive Science, 45 (8). [pdf]
Yu, M., Schertz, J., & Johnson, E.K. (2021). The other accent effect in talker recognition: now you see it, now you don't. Cognitive Science, 45(6).  [pdf]
Yu, M., Cooper, A., & Johnson, E.K. (2021). Do you speak 'kid'? the role of experience in comprehending child speech. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, 43, 1514-1520. [pdf]

Cooper, A., Fecher, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2020). Identifying children's voices. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 148, 324-333.  [pdf]

Fung. P., & Johnson, E.K. (2020). Monolingual and bilingual toddlers’ reliance on the mutual exclusivity principle and statistics to learn colour labels. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Toronto, ON. [pdf]

Johnson, E.K., & White, K. (2020). Developmental Sociolinguistics: children's acquisition of language variation. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews in Cognitive Science, 11(1). [pdf]

Paquette-Smith, M., Cooper, A., & Johnson, E.K. (2020). Targeted adaptation in infants following live exposure to an accented talker. Journal of Child Language, [pdf

St. Pierre, T., & Johnson, E.K. (2020). The development of accent-based friendship preferences: age and language exposure matter. Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Toronto, ON. [pdf]


Fecher, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2019). By 4.5 months, linguistic experience already affects infants' talker processing abilities. Child Development, 90, [pdf]

Fecher, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2019). Bilingual infants excel at foreign-language talker recognition. Developmental Science, 22(4). [pdf]

Fecher, N., Paquette-Smith, M., & Johnson, E.K. (2019). Resolving the (apparent) talker recognition paradox in developmental speech perception. Infancy, 1-19. [pdf]

Johnson, E.K., & White, K. (2019). Six questions in infant speech and language development. In: Human Language: from Genes and Brains to Behavior, ed. P. Hagoort. pp. 99-112, Boston, MA: MIT Press. [pdf]

Paquette-Smith, M., Buckler, H., White, K., Choi, J. & Johnson, E.K. (2019). The effect of accent exposure on children's sociolinguistic evaluation of peers. Developmental Psychology, 55, 809-822. [pdf]

Schertz, J., Paquette-Smith, M., & Johnson, E.K. (2019). The relationship between perceptual similarity and VOT convergence in a shadowing task. In Sasha Calhoun, Paola Escudero, Marija Tabain & Paul Warren (eds.) Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019 (pp. 3711 - 3715). [pdf]


Buckler, H., Goy, H., & Johnson, E.K. (2018). What infant-directed speech tells us about the development of compensation for assimilation. The Journal of Phonetics, 66, 45-62. [pdf]

Cooper, A., Fecher, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2018). Toddlers' comprehension of adult and child talkers: Adult targets versus vocal tract similarity. Cognition, 173, 16-20. [pdf] [link to journal page]

Fecher, N. & Johnson, E.K. (2018). The native-language benefit for talker identification is robust in 7.5-month-old infants. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44(12), 1911-1920. [pdf] [link to journal page]

Fecher, N. & Johnson, E.K. (2018). Effects of language experience and task demands on talker recognition by children and adults. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 143, 2409-2418. [pdf] [link to journal page]

Johnson, Elizabeth K. (2018). Putting the terms 'monolingual' and 'bilingual' under the microscope. Applied Psycholinguistics, 39(4), 753-756.

Johnson, E.K., Bruggeman, L., & Cutler, A., (2018). Abstraction and the (misnamed) language familiarity effect. Cognitive Science, 42, 633-645. [pdf] [link to journal page]

Van Heughten, M., Paquette-Smith, M., Krieger, D., & Johnson, E.K. (2018). Infants' recognition of foreign-accented words: Flexible yet precise signal-to-word mapping strategies. Journal of Memory and Language, 100, 51-60. [pdf]


Buckler, H., Oczak-Arsic, S., Siddiqui, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2017). Input matters: speed of word recognition in two-year-olds exposed to multiple accents. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 164, 87-100. [pdf] [link to journal page]
Van Heugten, M., & Johnson, E.K. (2017). Input matters: Multi-accent language exposure affects word form recognition in infancy. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Express Letters, 142(2), EL196-EL200. [pdf] [link to journal page]


Jesse, A., & Johnson, E.K. (2016). Audiovisual alignment of co-speech gestures to speech supports word learning in two-year-olds. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 145, 1-10. [link to journal page]

Johnson, E. K. (2016). Constructing a proto-lexicon: an integrative view of infant language development. Annual Review of Linguistics, 2, 391-412. [PDF]  [link to journal page]

Paquette-Smith, M., Fecher, N., & Johnson, E.K. (2016). Two-year-olds' sensitivity to subphonemic mismatch during online spoken word recognition. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 78 (8), 2329-2340. [pdf] [link to journal page]

Paquette-Smith, M. & Johnson, E. K. (2016). I don't like the tone of your voice: Infants use vocal affect to socially evaluate others. Infancy, 21(1), 104-121. [PDF] [link to journal page]

Paquette-Smith, M. & Johnson, E.K. (2016). Toddlers' use of grammatical and social cues to learn novel words. Language Learning and Development, 12, 328-337. [pdf] [link to journal page]

Sohail, J. & Johnson, E. (2016). How transitional probabilities and the edge effect contribute to listeners' phonological bootstrapping success. Language Learning and Development, 12(2), 105-115. [PDF]  [link to journal page]

Van der Feest, S. & Johnson, E.K. (2016). Input driven differences in toddlers' perception of a disappearing phonological contrast. Language Acquisition, 23 (2), 89-111. [PDF] [link to journal page]

Van Heugten, M., & Johnson, E.K. (2016). Toddlers' word recognition in an unfamiliar regional accent: the role of local sentence context and prior accent exposure. Language and Speech, 59(3), 353-363. [link to journal page]


Buckler, H., Goy, H., Kow, J., & Johnson, E. K. (2015). The cap's out of the bag: Place assimilation is common in infant-directed speech. Proceedings of 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. [pdf]

Paquette-Smith, M. & Johnson, E. K. (2015). Spanish-accented English is Spanish to English-learning 5-month-olds. Proceedings of 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 18. [link to journal page] [pdf]

Van Heugten, M., Krieger, D., & Johnson. E.K. (2015). The developmental trajectory of toddlers' comprehension of unfamiliar regional accents. Language Learning and Development, 11(1), 41-65. [PDF]  [link to journal page]


Johnson, E.K., Seidl, A., Tyler, M.D. (2014). The edge factor in early word segmentation: utterance-level prosody enables word form extraction by 6-month-olds. PLOS ONE, 9, e83546. [link to journal page]

Van Heugten, M. & Johnson, E.K. (2014). Learning to contend with accents in infancy: Benefits of brief speaker exposure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 340-350. [link to journal page] [PDF]


Brar, J., Tyler, M.D. & Johnson, E.K. (2013). What you see is what you hear: how visual prosody affects artificial language learning in children and adults. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 19, 060068. [pdf]

Johnson, E.K., Lahey, M., Ernestus, M., & Cutler, A. (2013). A multimodal corpus of speech to infant and adult listeners. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134, EL534-EL540. [link]

Kooijman, V.,  Junge, C., Johnson, E.K., Hagoort P., & Cutler, A. (2013). Predictive brain signals of linguistic development. Frontiers in Language Sciences, 4, 1-13. [link]

Krieger, D. & Johnson, E.K. (2013). Six- and ten-month-old infants' perception of non-contrastive variation. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 19, 060072. [pdf]

Mani, N., Johnson, E.K., McQueen, J.M., & Huettig, F. (2013). How yellow is your banana? Toddlers' language-mediated visual search in referent-present tasks. Developmental Psychology, 49, 1036-44. [link]

Minaudo, C. & Johnson, E.K. (2013). Are two-year-olds sensitive to anticipatory coarticulation? Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, 19, 060058. [pdf]


Jesse, A. & Johnson, E.K. (2012). Prosodic temporal alignment of co-speech gestures to speech facilitates referent resolution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 38, 1567-1581. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K. (2012). Bootstrapping language: Are infant statisticians up to the job? In: Statistical Learning and Language Acquisition, eds. P. Rebuschat & J. Williams, pp. 55-90. Mouton de Gruyter. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K. & Van Heugten, M. (2012). Infant artificial language learning. In N.M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 1540-1542. [PDF]

MacDonald, E.N, Johnson, E.K., Forsythe, J., Plante, P., & Munhall, K.G. (2012). Children's development of self-regulation in speech production. Current Biology, 22, 113-117. [link]

Munhall, K.G., & Johnson, E.K. (2012). Speech Development: When to put your money where the mouth is. Current Biology, 22, R190-R192. [link]

Van Heugten, M. & Johnson, E.K. (2012). Infants exposed to fluent natural speech succeed at cross-gender word recognition. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 55, 554-560. [PDF]


Braun, B. & Johnson, E.K. (2011). Question or Tone 2? How language experience and linguistic function guide pitch processing. Journal of Phonetics, 39, 585-594. [link]

Johnson, E.K. & Huettig, F. (2011). Eye movements during language-mediated visual search reveal a strong link between overt visual attention and lexical processing in 36-month-olds. Psychological Research, 75, 35-42. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K., McQueen, J., & Huettig, F. (2011). Toddlers' language-mediated visual search: They need not have the words for it. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1672-1682. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K., Westrek, E., Nazzi, T., & Cutler, A. (2011). Infant ability to tell voices apart rests on language experience. Developmental Science, 14, 1002-1011. [PDF]

Van Heugten, M. & Johnson E.K. (2011). Gender-marked determiners help Dutch learners' word recognition when gender information itself does not. Journal of Child Language, 38, 87-100. [PDF]

Zamuner, T.S. & Johnson, E.K. (2011). Methodology in phonological acquisition: Assessing the joint development of speech perception and production. In B. Botma, N. Kula, & K. Nasukawa (Eds.), Continuum Companion to Phonology (pp. 16-29). Amsterdam: Continuum. [PDF]


Johnson, E.K. & Tyler, M. (2010). Testing the limits of statistical learning for word segmentation. Developmental Science, 13, 339-345. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K. & Zamuner, T. (2010). Using infant and toddler testing methods in language acquisition research. In E. Blom & S. Unsworth (Eds.) Experimental Methods in Language Acquisition Research (pp. 73-94). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.  [PDF]

Schmale, R., Christià, A., Seidl, A., & Johnson, E.K. (2010). Developmental changes in infants' ability to cope with dialect variation in word recognition. Infancy, 15, 650-662. [PDF]

Van Heugten, M. & Johnson E.K. (2010). Linking infants' distributional learning abilities to natural language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language, 63, 197-209. [PDF]


Jesse, A. & Johnson, E.K. (2009). Audiovisual alignment in child-directed speech facilitates word learning. Proceedings of AVSP.

Johnson, E.K. & Seidl, A. (2009). At 11 months, prosody still outranks statistics. Developmental Science, 12, 131-141. [PDF]

Van Heugten, M. & Johnson E.K. (2009). The robustness of infants' early word representations. Journal of the Canadian Acoustical Association, 37, 148-149. [link to journal page]


Kooijman, V., Johnson, E.K., & Cutler, A. (2008). Reflections on reflections of infant word recognition. In Friederici, Thierry (ed.), In book entitled Early Language Development: Bridging Brain and Behaviour, Series Trends in Language Acquisition Research. (pp. 91-114). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K. (2008). Infants use prosodically conditioned acoustic-phonetic cues to extract words from speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123, EL144-EL148. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K. & Seidl, A. (2008). Clause segmentation by 6-month-olds: A crosslingusitic perspective. Infancy, 13, 440-455. [PDF]

Seidl, A. & Johnson, E.K. (2008). Boundary alignment enables 11-month-olds to segment vowel initial words from speech. Journal of Child Language, 35, 1-24. [PDF]


Seidl, A. & Johnson, E.K. (2006). Infant word segmentation revisited: Edge alignment facilitates target extraction. Developmental Science, 9, 566-574. [PDF]


Johnson, E.K. (2005). English-learning infants' representations of word-forms with iambic stress. Infancy, 7, 95-105. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K. (2005). Grammatical gender and early word recognition in Dutch. In: A. Brugos, M.R. Clark-Cotton, & S. Ha (Eds.), BUCLD 29: Proceedings of the 29th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development, (Volume 1: 320-330). Cascadilla Press, Somerville, MA. [PDF]

Johnson, E. K., Westrek, E., & Nazzi, T. (2005). Language familiarity affects voice discrimination by seven-month-olds. Proceedings of the ISCA Workshop on Plasticity in Speech Perception (PSP2005) [CD-ROM] (pp. 227-230). London.


Cho, T. & Johnson, E. K. (2004). Acoustic correlates of phrase-internal lexical boundaries in Dutch. In S. H. Kin & M. J. Bae (Eds.). Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP) (pp. 1297-1300). Jeju, Korea: Sunjin [CD-ROM]. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K., Jusczyk, P.W., Cutler, A., & Norris, D. (2003). Lexical viability constraints on speech segmentation by infants without a lexicon. Cognitive Psychology, 46: 65-97. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K. & Jusczyk, P.W. (2002). Finding words in fluent speech: How infants cope with different types of word segmentation cues. In Lasser, Ingeborg (ed.), In The Process of Language Acquisition. (pp. 193-214). Frankfurt, Germany: Peter Lang Publishing.

Johnson, E.K. & Jusczyk, P.W. (2001). Word segmentation by 8-month-olds: When speech cues count more than statistics. Journal of Memory and Language, 44: 1-20. [PDF]

Johnson, E.K., Van de Weijer, J., & Jusczyk, P.W. (2001). Word segmentation by 7.5-month-olds: Three words do not equal one. BUCLD 25: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (Volume 2: 389-400). Cascadilla Press, Somerville, MA.

Jusczyk, P.W. & Johnson, E.K. (2000). Some implications from language development for MERGE. Brain and Behavioral Sciences, 23: 334-335.

Nazzi, T., Jusczyk, P.W., & Johnson, E.K. (2000). Language discrimination by English-learning 5-month-olds: Effects of rhythm and familiarity. Journal of Memory and Language, 43: 1-19. [PDF]

Saffran, J.R., Johnson, E.K., Newport, E.L., & Aslin, R.N. (1999). Statistical learning of tonal sequences by human infants and adults. Cognition, 70: 27-52. [PDF]