Faculty Bookshelf

Hanssen, Jens

- Arabic Thought beyond the Liberal Age: Towards an Intellectual History of the Nahda

book cover

- Cambridge University Press December 2016

What is the relationship between thought and practice in the domains of language, literature and politics? Is thought the only standard by which to measure intellectual history? How did Arab intellectuals change and affect political, social, cultural and economic developments from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries? This volume offers a fundamental overhaul and revival of modern Arab intellectual history. Using Hourani's Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939 (Cambridge, 1962) as a starting point, it reassesses Arabic cultural production and political thought in the light of current scholarship and extends the analysis beyond Napoleon's invasion of Egypt and the outbreak of World War II. The chapters offer a mixture of broad-stroke history on the construction of 'the Muslim world', and the emergence of the rule of law and constitutionalism in the Ottoman empire, as well as case studies on individual Arab intellectuals that illuminate the transformation of modern Arabic thought.

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Chrubasik, Boris

- Kings and Usurpers in the Seleukid Empire 

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- Oxford Classical Monographs December 2016

Offers a wholly novel approach to studying the Seleukid empire by investigating kings and usurpers equally and together

Revises the history of the Seleukid empire, its kings, counter-kings, and dynasts in the third and second centuries

Advances a new approach to writing political history of the ancient world predicated on social power.

 

 

 

MacArthur, Julie

 

MACARTHUR COVER

- Cartography and the Political Imagination 

- Ohio Press, August 2016

After four decades of British rule in colonial Kenya, a previously unknown ethnic name — “Luyia” — appeared on the official census in 1948. The emergence of the Luyia represents a clear case of ethnic “invention.” At the same time, current restrictive theories privileging ethnic homogeneity fail to explain this defiantly diverse ethnic project, which now comprises the second-largest ethnic group in Kenya.

Aster, Sidney

 

SALT COVER

- Power, Policy and Personality: The Life and Times of Lord Salter, 1881-1975

- CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, April 2016

There is hardly a historical biography or monograph dealing with the first half of the twentieth century which does not refer to Sir Arthur (later Lord) Salter. Yet, this book represents his first biography. The historical record reveals Salter had intimate, global access to the seats of power. He rose doggedly, through increasingly influential positions, national and global, political and economic. As a prominent civil servant he was instrumental in shaping the welfare state. He was a pioneering administrator with the League of Nations and the United Nations. He was an original member of the European Movement, a world recognised authority on economics and finance, an Oxford professor, an Independent and then a Conservative MP, and a cabinet minister in two of Sir Winston Churchill’s governments. He was, as well, an influential author, journalist, advocate and broadcaster.

Murray, Alexander Callander

 

A Companion to Gregory of Tours book cover page

- A Companion to Gregory of Tours

- Brill, 2016

Gregory, bishop of Tours (573-594), was among the most prolific writers of his age and uniquely managed to cover the genres of history, hagiography, and ecclesiastical instruction. He not only wrote about events (of the secular, spiritual, and even natural variety) but about himself as an actor and witness. Though his work (especially the Histories) has been recycled and studied for centuries, our grasp of an even basic understanding of it, never mind Gregory’s significance in the history of the late antique West, has hardly yet attained a definitive perspective.

A Companion to Gregory of Tours brings together fourteen scholars who provide an expert guide to interpreting his works, his period, and his legacy in religious and historical studies.

Contributors are: Pascale Bourgain, Roger Collins, John J. Contreni, Stefan Esders, Martin Heinzelmann, Yitzhak Hen, John K. Kitchen, Simon Loseby, Alexander Callander Murray, Patrick Périn, Joachim Pizarro, Helmut Reimitz, Michael Roberts, Richard Shaw. [More]

Borzecki, Jerzy

- The Soviet-Polish Peace of 1921 And The Creation Of Interwar Europe

Cover of book by Jerzy Borzecki--The Soviet-Polish Peace of 1921 And The Creation Of Interwar Europe

 

- Yale University Press, 2008

The Soviet-Polish peace treaty of 1921, also known as the "Riga peace," ended the war of 1919–1920 and may be considered the most important Eastern European treaty of the interwar period. This deeply researched book offers the first post-Soviet account of how Bolshevik Russia and Poland came to sign the treaty—a pact that established the central part of the Soviet western border and provided Eastern Europe with a measure of stability that lasted until 1939. Jerzy Borzecki draws on a wealth of untapped materials in Russian and Polish archives to recreate the negotiations and behind-the-scenes maneuvers leading to and surrounding the treaty. He examines the significance of the agreement not only to its signatories but also to Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, and Latvia. The Riga peace represented an authentic compromise between Poland and Bolshevik Russia, Borzecki shows, and he offers new interpretations of other crucial aspects of the negotiations as well. [More]

 

- The Ethnic Factor in the Riga Territorial Settlement

Cover of book by Jerzy Borzecki --The Ethnic Factor in the Riga Territorial Settlement


- Lambert Academic Publishing, 2013

It is widely believed that the Polish-Soviet territorial settlement of late 1920 did not have much to do with ethnic factors. However, this research study shows that they did play a significant role. Both sides established their contrary territorial programs based on their different understandings of the historic Borderlands’ ethnic geography, although political, strategic, and ideological factors were also taken into account. Since neither Piłsudski’s federalism nor Lenin’s Soviet nationalism found much support within the Borderlands, the issue of which program would prevail had to be resolved on the battlefield. The peace negotiations which ended the war reflected to no small degree the concern of both sides for ethnic geography. In the end, the Riga preliminary treaty mirrored the Polish territorial program in its alternative, incorporationist version, which was more moderate than Piłsudski’s federalism. Ultimately, the assessment of whether the Riga border had any justification in ethnic terms depends on one’s view of the Borderlands’ ethnic geography. There is no doubt, however, that ethnic considerations played a significant role in the process of shaping it. [More]

Brown, Elspeth and Thy Phu

- Feeling Photography

Cover of book by Jerzy Brown and Thy Phu--Feeling Photography


- Duke University Press, 2014

This innovative collection demonstrates the profound effects of feeling on our experiences and understanding of photography. It includes essays on the tactile nature of photos, the relation of photography to sentiment and intimacy, and the ways that affect pervades the photographic archive. Concerns associated with the affective turn—intimacy, alterity, and ephemerality, as well as queerness, modernity, and loss—run through the essays. At the same time, the contributions are informed by developments in critical race theory, postcolonial studies, and feminist theory. As the contributors bring affect theory to bear on photography, some interpret the work of contemporary artists, such as Catherine Opie, Tammy Rae Carland, Christian Boltanski, Marcelo Brodsky, Zoe Leonard, and Rea Tajiri. Others look back, whether to the work of the American Pictorialist F. Holland Day or to the discontent masked by the smiles of black families posing for cartes de visite in a Kodak marketing campaign. With more than sixty photographs, including twenty in color, this collection changes how we see, think about, and feel photography, past and present. [More]

Eyal, Yonatan

- The Young America Movement and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Cover of book by Yanotan Eyal --The Young America Movement and the Transformation of the Democratic Party


- Cambridge University Press, 2007

This book investigates a particular group, called Young America, within the U.S. Democratic Party during the 1840s and 1850s. It argues that members of this group changed what it meant to be a Democrat. They moved the party toward new economic thinking, greater engagement with the world, a more active reform attitude, and a new view of the U.S. Constitution, thus playing a role in the coming of the American Civil War. This is the first full-blown examination of Young America's impact in the realm of politics, as opposed to merely literature and culture. [More]

 

 

Kwee, Hui Kian

- The Political Economy of Java's Northeast Cost, c. 1740-1800: Elite Synergy

 Elite Synergy


- Brill, 2005

Offers a study of the political economy of Java's Northeast Coast from 1743, until the end of the 18th century. This book focuses on the various power-holders and how they accommodated the changes brought about with the power shift, what their primary resources were and how they tried to maximize their advantages in the politico-economic setting.​ [More]

 

 

 

Raffaelli, Enrico G. 

- The Sih-rozag in Zoroastrianism

Cover of book by Enrico G. Raffaelli --The Sih-rozag in Zoroastrianism


- Routledge, 2013

Focusing on the Avestan and Pahlavi versions of the Sih-rozag, a text worshipping Zoroastrian divine entities, this book explores the spiritual principles and physical realities associated with them. Introducing the book is an overview of the structural, linguistic and historico-religious elements of the Avestan Sih-rozag. This overview, as well as reconstructing its approximate chronology, helps in understanding the original ritual function of the text and its relationship to the other Avestan texts.The book then studies the translation of the text in the Middle Persian language, Pahlavi, which was produced several centuries after its initial composition, when Avestan was no longer understood by the majority of the Zoroastrian community. Addressing the lacuna in literature examining an erstwhile neglected Zoroastrian text, The Sih-Rozag in Zoroastrianism includes a detailed commentary and an English translation of both the Avestan and Pahlavi version of the Sih-rozag and will be of interest to researchers and scholars of Iranian Studies, Religion, and History. [More]

MacDowell, Laurel Sefton 

- An Environmental History of Canada

Cover of book by Laurel Sefton MacDowell -- An Environmental History of Canada


- University of British Columbia Press, 2012

Throughout history most people have associated northern North America with wilderness -- with snow-capped mountains, endless forest and prairie, myriad lakes, and abundant fish and game. Canada’s contemporary picture gallery, however, contains more disturbing images -- melting ice caps, deforestation, polluted waterways, and depleted fisheries. Adopting both a chronological and thematic approach, Laurel MacDowell explores human interactions with the land, and the origins of our current environmental crisis, from first peoples to the Kyoto Protocol. This richly illustrated exploration of the past from an environmental perspective will change the way Canadians and others around the world think about -- and look at -- Canada. [More

 

 

- Renegade Lawyer, The Life of J. L. Cohen

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-Canadian Scholars' Press Inc., 2006

J.L. Cohen, one of the first specialists in labour law and an architect of the Canadian industrial relations system, was a formidable advocate in the 1930s and 1940s on behalf of working people. A 'radical lawyer' in the tradition of the great American counsel Clarence Darrow or contemporary advocate Thomas Berger who represent the less powerful and seek to reform society and to protect civil liberties, Cohen was also a 'labour intellectual' in Canada, similar to those supporting Roosevelt's New Deal in the United States. He wrote Collective Bargaining in Canada, served on the National War Labour Board during the war, and advised the Ontario government about policy issues such as mothers' allowances, unemployment insurance legislation, and labour law.  [More]

MacDowell, Laurel Sefton and Ian Radforth

- Canadian Working-Class History

Cover of book by Laurel Sefton MacDowell and Ian Radforth -- Canadian Working-Class History


- Canadian Scholars' Press Inc., 2006

Canadian Working-Class History: Selected Readings, Third Edition, is an updated version of the bestselling reader that brings together recent and classic scholarship on the history, politics, and social groups of the working class in Canada. Some of the changes readers will find in the new edition include better representation of women scholars and nine provocative and ground-breaking new articles on racism and human rights; women's equality; gender history; Quebec sovereignty; and the environment.​ [More]

 

 

 Noel, Jan

- Along A River, The First French-Canadian Women

Cover of book by Jan Noel -- Along A River, The First French-Canadian Women


- University of Toronto Press, 2013

French-Canadian explorers, traders, and soldiers feature prominently in this country's storytelling, but little has been written about their female counterparts. In Along a River, award-winning historian Jan Noel shines a light on the lives of remarkable French-Canadian women — immigrant brides, nuns, tradeswomen, farmers, governors' wives, and even smugglers — during the period between the settlement of the St. Lawrence Lowlands and the Victorian era. Along a River builds the case that inside the cabins that stretched for miles along the shoreline, most early French-Canadian women retained old fashioned forms of economic production and customary rights over land ownership. Noel demonstrates how this continued even as the world changed around them by comparing their lives to those of their contemporaries in France, England, and New England.Exploring how the daughters and granddaughters of the filles du roi adapted to their terrain, turned their hands to trade, and even acquired surprising influence at the French court, Along a River is an innovative and engagingly written history. [More]

 

- Canada Dry, Temperance Crusades before Confederation

Cover of book by Jan Noel -- Canada Dry, Temperance Crusades before Confederation


- University of Toronto Press, 1995

The Temperance movement has played a large part in the history of Canada. From the founding of the first known temperance society in 1822 until the passage or near passage of prohibition laws in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the province of Canada in 1855, over half a million colonists took the abstinence pledge.

This overview by Jan Noel is the first major study of the subject since Prohibition in Canada by Ruth Spence, published in 1919. Whereas Spence's book was the work of a dedicated prohibition warrior, Noel's study is social history examining the forces that created the temperance movement and the effect of the movement on work, women, children, religion, and social structure.

Noel perceives the call for temperance as a hybrid of idealism and material concerns. She assesses the interplay of these concerns in the regions of British North America where the movement showed strength before Confederation: the Atlantic colonies of Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island; the province of Canada (the southern areas of today's Quebec and Ontario); and the Red River colony. [More]

Ed. Revermann, Martin 

- The Cambridge Campanion To Greek Comedy

Cover of book by Martin Revermann -- The Cambridge Campanion To Greek Comedy


- Cambridge University Press, 2014

Greek comedy flourished in the fifth and fourth centuries BC, both in and beyond Athens. Aristophanes and Menander are the best-known writers whose work is in part extant, but many other dramatists are known from surviving fragments of their plays. This sophisticated but accessible introduction explores the genre as a whole, integrating literary questions (such as characterisation, dramatic technique or diction) with contextual ones (for example audience response, festival context, interface with ritual or political frames). In addition, it also discusses relevant historical issues (political, socio-economic and legal) as well as the artistic and archaeological evidence. The result provides a unique panorama of this challenging area of Greek literature which will be of help to students at all levels and from a variety of disciplines but will also provide stimulus for further research. [More]

Ed. Revermann, Martin and Peter Wilson

- Performance, Iconography, Reception

Cover of book by Martin Revermann and Peter Wilson -- Performance, Iconography, Reception


- Oxford University Press, 2008

Performance, Reception, Iconography assembles twenty-three papers from an international group of scholars who engage with, and develop, the seminal work of Oliver Taplin. Oliver Taplin has for over three decades been at the forefront of innovation in the study of Greek literature, and of the Greek theatre, tragic and comic, in particular. The studies in this volume centre on three key areas - the performance of Greek literature, the interactions between literature and the visual realm of iconography, and the reception and appropriation of Greek literature, and of Greek culture more widely, in subsequent historical periods. [More]

 

 Smith, Kyle

- The Martyrdom and The History of Blessed Simeon bar Sabba'e

Cover of book by Kyle Smith -- The Martyrdom and The History of Blessed Simeon bar Sabba'e


- Georgia Press

Around the year 339 CE, Simeon bar Sabbae (the bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon on the Tigris) was killed by the Persian king Shapur II. Simeon was arrested for refusing to collect taxes from his flock, and he was beheaded for disobeying the king’s order to worship the sun. The bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon was no minor figure. In fact, Simeon’s martyr acts proclaim that he was the leader of the Christians of Persia and the protomartyr of Shapur’s forty-year persecution. Curiously, however, two very different versions of Simeon’s death exist. Each is presented here with an accompanying translation and notes. [More]

 

Tahmasebi-Birgani, Victoria

- Emmanuel Levinas and the Politics of Non-Violence

Cover of book by Victoria Tahmasebi-Birgani -- Emmanuel Levinas and the Politics of Non-Violence


- University of Toronto Press, 2014

French philosopher and Talmudic commentator Emmanuel Levinas (1906-1995) has received considerable attention for his influence on philosophical and religious thought. In this book, Victoria Tahmasebi-Birgani provides the first examination of the applicability of Emmanuel Levinas' work to social and political movements. Investigating his ethics of responsibility and his critique of the Western liberal imagination, Tahmasebi-Birgani advances the moral, political, and philosophical debates on the radical implications of Levinas' work. Emmanuel Levinas and the Politics of Non-Violence is the first book to closely consider the affinity between Levinas' ethical vision and Mohandas Gandhi's radical yet non-violent political struggle. Situating Levinas' insights within a transnational, transcontinental, and global framework, Tahmasebi-Birgani highlights Levinas' continued relevance in an age in which violence is so often resorted to in the name of "justice" and "freedom.". [More]

Tavakoli-Targhi, Mohamad

- Refashioning Iran

Cover of book by Mohamad Tavakol-Targhi --Refashioning Iran


- University of Toronto Press, 2014

Mohamad Tavakoli-Targhi offers a corrective to recent works on Orientalism that focus solely on European scholarly productions without exploring the significance of native scholars and vernacular scholarship to the making of Oriental studies. He brings to light a wealth of eighteenth and nineteenth-century Indo-Persian texts, made "homeless" by subsequent nationalist histories and shows how they relate to Indo-Iranian modernity. In doing so, he argues for a radical rewriting of Iranian history with profound implications for Islamic debates on gender. [More]

 

 

 Virani, Shafique N.

- The Ismailis in the Middle Ages

Cover of book by Shafique Virani --The Ismailis in the Middle Ages


- Oxford University Press, 2007

"None of that people should be spared, not even the babe in its cradle." With these chilling words, the Mongol warlord Genghis Khan declared his intention to destroy the Ismailis, one of the most intellectually and politically significant Muslim communities of medieval Islamdom. The massacres that followed convinced observers that this powerful voice of Shi'i Islam had been forever silenced. Little was heard of these people for centuries, until their recent and dramatic emergence from obscurity. Today they exist as a dynamic and thriving community established in over twenty-five countries. Yet the interval between what appeared to have been their total annihilation, and their modern, seemingly phoenix-like renaissance, has remained shrouded in mystery. Drawing on an astonishing array of sources gathered from many countries around the globe, The Ismailis in the Middle Ages: A History of Survival, A Search for Salvation is a richly nuanced and compelling study of the murkiest portion of this era. [More]

Wittmann, Rebecca

- Beyond Justice, The Auschwitz Trial

Cover of book by Rebecca Wittmann -- Beyond Justice, The Auschwitz Trial


- Harvard University Press, 2012

In 1963, West Germany was gripped by a dramatic trial of former guards who had worked at the Nazi death camp Auschwitz. It was the largest and most public trial to take place in the country and attracted international attention. Using the pretrial files and extensive trial audiotapes, Rebecca Wittmann offers a fascinating reinterpretation of Germany's first major attempt to confront its past. Evoking the courtroom atmosphere, Wittmann vividly recounts the testimony of survivors, former SS officers, and defendants--a cross-section of the camp population. Attorney General Fritz Bauer made an extraordinary effort to put the entire Auschwitz complex on trial, but constrained by West German murder laws, the prosecution had to resort to standards for illegal behavior that echoed the laws of the Third Reich. This provided a legitimacy to the Nazi state. Only those who exceeded direct orders were convicted of murder. This shocking ruling was reflected in the press coverage, which focused on only the most sadistic and brutal crimes, allowing the real atrocity at Auschwitz--mass murder in the gas chambers--to be relegated to the background. The Auschwitz trial had a paradoxical result. Although the prosecution succeeded in exposing SS crimes at the camp for the first time, the public absorbed a distorted representation of the criminality of the camp system. The Auschwitz trial ensured that rather than coming to terms with their Nazi past, Germans managed to delay a true reckoning with the horror of the Holocaust.​ [More]