Research Activities

Terrence Donnelly Health Sciences Complex exterior
Terrence Donnelly Health Sciences Complex, home to the Department of Anthropology at the University of Toronto Mississauga. Photo by Scott Norsworthy. © University of Toronto. All Rights Reserved.

This page features recent publications, conference presentations, and research talks by UTM Anthropology faculty and graduate students. Learn more about our faculty research interests.


Dr. David Samson, PhD candidates Erica Kilius and Leela McKinnon, and Master's student Noor Abbas published Pandemic Nightmares: COVID-19 Lockdown Associated With Increased Aggression in Female University Students' Dreams in Frontiers in Psychology. The COVID-19 pandemic and its associated stressors have impacted the daily lives and sleeping patterns of many individuals, including university students. Dreams may provide insight into how the mind processes changing realities. We found that relative to normative American College Student (ACS) samples generated pre-COVID-19, women were more likely to experience aggressive interactions in their dream content, including increased physical aggression. Results indicate that university students did experience changes in dream content due to the pandemic lockdown period, with women disproportionally affected. These findings can aid universities in developing support programs for students by bringing forth an understanding of students' concerns and anxieties as they process the “new normal” of social distancing. (Posted March 23, 2021)

Dr. Steven Dorland recently published an article entitled Let's start with something Small: An evaluation of social learning and scaling practices in Great Lakes potting communities during the Late Woodland in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. The paper analyses decorative data from Late Woodland ceramic assemblages to investigate scaling practices and its role in learning experiences. This paper proposes a methodology to strengthen understanding of social learning traditions in the Great Lakes that is applicable across spatiotemporal contexts. (Posted March 22, 2021)

an anthropology ofProfessor Andrew Gilbert recently created a podcast entitled “An Anthropology of…” for the Raising Our Voices virtual event series of the American Anthropological Association last November. The podcast was only available for registered participants, but is now available for anyone to listen to here.  Here is a description of the episode:

“Among the most common phrases to appear in anthropological scholarship is “an anthropology of…” But the objects of this phrase differ wildly. A simple search of anthropology journals shows scholars proposing an anthropology of, variously: labor, landmines, culpability, old age, lying, parking, the multimodal, viral hemorrhagic fevers, algorithms, electricity, interior dialogue, immunology, public reasoning, and undesired buildings. With such an array of different research objects can the authors mean the same thing by what constitutes “anthropology”? Or is this turn of phrase simply a useful way to distinguish ourselves in a competitive academic market and add intellectual heft to our scholarly endeavors? Drawing on interviews with a diverse group of anthropologists, this podcast takes this phrase as a starting point to offer a playful and contemplative exploration of how the discipline understands itself today. Featuring Akhil Gupta, Kate Hennessy & Trudi Lynn Smith, Eleana Kim, Carole McGranahan, Tobias Rees and Nick Seaver.” (Posted January 25, 2021)

Professor Andrew Gilbert recently participated in an Emergent Conversation series entitled “Political Action and Generations” for Political and Legal Anthropology Review (PoLAR), the journal of the Association for Political and Legal Anthropology.  View part one and part two(Posted January 25, 2021)

Dr. Guilherme Debortoli, a postdoctoral researcher in Prof. Esteban Parra’s lab, and collaborators from Brazil and Sweden published in the journal Scientific Reports an article entitled “Identification of ancestry proportions in admixed groups across the Americas using clinical pharmacogenomic SNP panels”. This article evaluated the performance of three panels of pharmacogenetic (PGx) markers to estimate biogeographic ancestry, and described that using these panels it is possible to control for the effects of population stratification (e.g. false positive results) in association studies in recently admixed populations. (Posted January 20, 2021)

Dr. Madeleine Mant's article entitled Intersectionality and trauma analysis in bioarchaeology has been accepted to the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. (Posted January 15, 2021)

March 4, 2021 update: Dr. Mant's article "Intersectionality and trauma analysis in bioarchaeology" was selected as the Editor's Choice article for the April issues of American Journal of Physical Anthropology. The article is available for free for the next few months at



Dr. David Samson and colleagues teamed up to study canine sleep-wake patterns. The study of companion (pet) dogs is an area of great translational potential, as they share a risk for many conditions that afflict humans. Their paper, entitled "A functional linear modeling approach to sleep–wake cycles in dogs", has been published in Scientific Reports. (Posted December 17, 2020)

Professor Liye Xie has been awarded the UTM Annual Research Prize in the Social Sciences for her outstanding contributions to the study of the impact of technology on society with an emphasis on  preindustrial technologies  such as bone, stone, and earthen construction. (Posted December 17, 2020)

Prof. Stephen B. Scharper particpated in "Our Climate Emergency and COVID-19: Crises of the Spirit". This online dialogue presented an opportunity to examine our climate change emergency amidst the current global pandemic. A recording of the event is available on YouTube(Posted December 11, 2020)

Tracey Galloway and colleagues from the Waakebiness-Bryce Institute published a commentary in the International Review of Education: "Education in uncertainty: Academic life as Indigenous health scholars during COVID-19". The article explores the impact of the pandemic on the training and work experiences of graduate students, emerging and established scholars, along with the communities with which their research engages. (Posted December 11, 2020)

Dr. David Samson recently published "Taking the sleep lab to the field: Biometric techniques for quantifying sleep and circadian rhythms in humans" in the American Journal of Human Biology. The article outlines the procedures and methods for generating sleep data in a broader ecological context with the goal of facilitating the integration of sleep and circadian analyses into human biology research. (Posted December 10, 2020)

Dr. Trevor Orchard and colleagues have just published an article in the journal American Antiquity, exploring “Isotopic evidence for garden hunting and resource depression in the Late Woodland of Northeastern North America”. (Posted November 17, 2020)

Dr. Michael Brand, Dr. Trevor Orchard, and PhD candidate Sarah Ranlett recently published a short reflection piece in the Fall 2020 issue of the Society for American Archaeology’s Heritage Values Interest Group Newsletter (page nine), considering the challenges we faced running the UTM archaeological field school and the accompanying collections-based work study program under the restrictions imposed by the ongoing Covid pandemic. (Posted November 13, 2020)

Anthropology at UTM, and UofT more broadly, was very well represented at the Ontario Archaeological Society Virtual Symposium (Nov. 6-8, 2020). At the annual awards ceremony, held on the evening of Friday, Nov. 6, Dr. David Smith, Associate Professor in UTM Anthropology, was awarded the Helen Devereaux Award for excellence in archaeological mentoring. On Saturday morning, Dr. Trevor Orchard organized and chaired a session entitled New Insights from Old Collections: The Research Potential of Legacy Collections in Ontario Archaeology. This session, containing eleven presentations on diverse aspects of working with legacy archaeological collections throughout the province, included papers by: Yasmine Vella and David Smith (Using Legacy Collections at University of Toronto Mississauga for Undergraduate Research); Trevor Orchard and colleagues (Collaborative Research with Legacy Collections: Ongoing Zooarchaeological Research at the University of Toronto Mississauga); Steven Dorland, Trevor Orchard, and their collaborators (Looking for Children in the Zooarchaeological Record: A Holistic Investigation of Childhood Subsistence in Northern Iroquoian Communities); and Kaitlyn Malleau (Whose Collection, Whose Legacy? Why Community-Based Research Just Makes Good Science). A virtual poster session on Saturday afternoon, chaired by Sarah Ranlett, included a series of four posters by UTM students, faculty, and staff exploring ongoing research on collections generated by the Shreiber Wood Project, which encompasses both the annual UTM Anthropology archaeological field school and the ongoing departmental work study program. This session included posters and presentations by: Sarah Ranlett, Michael Brand, and Trevor Orchard (Facilitating Student Research on Field School Collections); Natasa Zdjellar, Cinda Johnson, S. Ranlett, M. Brand, and T. Orchard (Ceramic Assemblage and Decorative Typology); Mahalia Johnna Baguio, C. Johnson, S. Ranlett, M. Brand, and T. Orchard (Life at a Glance as Seen through Ceramics); and Andrew Dasilva Furtado, S. Ranlett, M. Brand, and T. Orchard (Playing through History). Finally, Sunday morning saw a session organized and chaired by Dr. Gregory Braun that explored the topic of Technology and Its Relations, and included a paper by Tiziana Gallo (Relations of Stone: Expanding Huron-Wendat Ground Stone Celts' Biographies). (Posted November 9, 2020)

November 17, 2020 updateYasmine Vella has received the award for the best overall student paper given at the symposium, for her paper co-authored with Dr. David Smith. And, Mahalia Baguio has received the award for the best overall student poster presented at the symposium.

Dr. Madeleine Mant published a piece entitled "Remember to forget: Pandemic research during a pandemic" about the about her COVID-19 student survey project in the online medical humanities journal Synapsis. (Posted November 6, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant published a piece entitled "Health histories on the rock" for the University of Toronto Press blog about her recent Canadian Bulletin of Medical History paper (Inpatients at the St. John’s General Hospital: Morbidity in Late 19th-Century Newfoundland and Labrador). Readers can access a free download of the paper at the end of the blog article. (Posted November 5, 2020)

Dr. Rosenberg Larsen published an article in the Journal, Mind & Language, entitled, "Are psychopaths moral‐psychologically impaired? Reassessing emotion‐theoretical explanations". In this piece, Dr. Larsen reconsiders whether our current understanding of psychopathic personality is valid, arguing that many of the current theories are not necessarily meaningfully construed. He considers alternative and novel explanations of psychopathy, theorizing that psychopaths may exhibit a degree‐specific emotional deficiency, which causes degree‐specific differences in moral judgments. While this theoretical version may be sound, it raises new ethical concerns for how psychopaths are managed in the legal system.(Posted October 27, 2020)

Insulin 100 logo
Insulin 100 logo

As part of the Royal Society of Canada’s Annual Celebration of Excellence and Engagement, Dr. Tracey Galloway will take part in a University of Toronto virtual symposium celebrating the 100th anniversary of the discovery of insulin. The panel event (Thursday, November 26, 2020) exploring the public health experiences of Indigenous people with Type 2 Diabetes will be moderated by historian Dr. Ian Mosby, Ryerson University and include presentations by Dr. Jon McGavock, University of Manitoba, and Dr. Suzanne Stewart, Waakebiness-Bryce Institute, Dalla Lana School of Public Health. Register here for this informative event. (Posted October 19, 2020)

Dr. Vivek Goel (Dalla Lana), Dr. Jia Xue (Faculty of Social Work, Faculty of Information), and Dr. Madeleine Mant (Anthropology) are panelists at the Keith Davey Forum on Public Affairs on October 21, 2020. The topic is COVID-19 and its effect on public life. The Keith Davey Forum on Public Affairs is named in honour of former senator Keith Davey in recognition of his contribution to public life. The first lecture was held in 1997 and the inaugural speaker was John Kenneth Galbraith. Since this inaugural lecture, the forum has provided students, alumni, and the broader community with opportunities outside of the classroom to learn and engage in discussion about issues of great importance to all of us as global citizens. (Posted October 19, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant has published a paper entitled Inpatients at the St. John's General Hospital: Morbidity in Late 19th-century Newfoundland and Labrador in the Canadian Bulletin of Medical History. Dr. Mant’s research analyzes the role of the St. John’s General Hospital in late nineteenth-century Newfoundland and Labrador using extant admission and discharge records from 17 May 1886 to 30 December 1899. (Posted October 8, 2020)

Dr. Kalyan Sekhar Chakraborty (postdoctoral fellow and recent PhD graduate) led research by a team including Prof. Greg Slater from McMaster University, Heather M.-L. Miller from the department of Anthropology, University of Toronto Mississauga, and senior archaeologists from India, which has been published in Nature’s Scientific Reports research journal. Their article “Compound specific Isotope analysis of lipid residues provides the earliest direct evidence of dairy product processing in South Asia” analyzed food residues absorbed in archaeological vessels from the Indus Civilization at a small site in Gujarat with strong connections to animal herding, the focus of Dr. Chakraborty’s PhD work and recent publications. This work is shedding new light on the animal products processed and consumed during the Indus period. (Posted October 5, 2020)

Steven Dorland recently published a paper on childhood learning practices in the Lower Great Lakes from CE. 900-1650. The paper, entitled Learning from Each Other: A Communities of Practice Approach to Decorative Traditions of Northern Iroquoian Communities in the Late Woodland, appears in the Journal of Archaeological Method. Traditionally, children prior to European contact are often assumed to have learned primarily through adult teaching in the Lower Great Lakes.  This paper applies a ceramic analysis to shed new light on social learning and the role of child groups in maintaining longstanding traditions.  (Posted October 5, 2020)

Leela McKinnonErica Kilius and Noor Abbas are graduate students in the lab of UTM anthropologist David Samson. Their new research delves into our unconscious minds, seeking to better understand the relationship between dreams and waking life. The results reveal intriguing insights about what might be happening in our nocturnal minds. Learn more and view the team's preliminary findings: COVID-19 and Sleep: How do dreams help us make sense of our new global reality? (Posted October 2, 2020)

Prof. David Samson has been awarded the prestigious John R. Evans Leaders Fund – Funding for research infrastructure from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) for the project “Sleep and Human Evolution Lab (SHEL): testing evolutionary hypotheses in a clinical, controlled space”. The award provides funding towards the building of a new sleep research laboratory, which will be the first of its kind in Canada and will incorporate unique technology such as a virtual reality rig to create different stimulus environments in order to see the effects on sleep. (Posted September 30, 2020)

Together with Dr. Farzaneh Hemmasi, an ethnomusicologist from the Faculty of Music (UTSG), Dr.  Andrew Gilbert is part of a research team that was recently awarded a Connaught Community Partnership Research Award for a project entitled “Keeping Kensington “Kensington”: Value and Affordability in Toronto’s Kensington Market.”  This two-year collaborative project between Ethnomusicology and the Ethnography Lab (St. George campus) aims to meet the resident-led activist organization Friends of Kensington Market (FOKM) and the Kensington Market Business Improvement Area’s (KMBIA) need for research on the complex interplay of value, (un)affordability, and culture that challenges this distinctive Toronto neighborhood. Faculty and graduate students in ethnomusicology and anthropology will conduct team ethnographic research and work collaboratively with FOKM and KMBIA to:

  1. document what community members consider to make their neighborhood unique, valuable and worth defending;
  2. identify and contextualize the forces that support or threaten that uniqueness;
  3. create innovative forms of knowledge that represent the complex stakes of the changes facing Kensington Market; and
  4. persuasively communicate those stakes and values to city representatives and other local decision makers in ways that lend themselves to actions, events, processes and relationships that advance the organizations’ goals.

This community-university partnership develops and galvanizes already-existing relationships initiated through the ongoing Kensington Market Research Project at the Ethnography Lab, where Dr. Gilbert is Senior Researcher. (Posted September 18, 2020)

Current Master's student Celine Moyen recently received a Mitacs Training Award (MTA), which facilitates experiential learning to develop research skill(s) over a 12- to 16-week period. Her proposed MTA project is to devise a standard protocol for correctly evaluating the specific elemental composition of human bone, by testing known samples and calibrating a correction factor for the Scanning Electron Microscope coupled with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDX). She will be comparing human bone to related compounds such as animal bone and shell, in order to refine the standards. This project will contribute to the completion of Celine's Master's Research Project which she is working under the direction of Dr. Tracy Rogers, as she aims to develop a protocol for evaluating the biological sex of unknown human skeletal remains found in forensic cases. Ultimately, SEM-EDX will be used to analyze the cortical microstructure and elemental composition of adult human femora to define sex differences. This technique has the capacity to assist in challenging cases involving fragmentary remains and contested cremains. (Posted September 18, 2020)

Professor Firat Bozcali recently published an article entitled "Probabilistic borderwork: Oil smuggling, nonillegality, and techno-legal politics in the Kurdish borderlands of Turkey" in the Journal of the American Ethnological Society. This article examines probabilistic borderwork, a deliberate counterstate political strategy in which Kurdish oil traders and their lawyers use scientific uncertainty to challenge smuggling charges, achieve nonillegality, and disrupt the state's border enforcement. (Posted September 18, 2020)

Graph showing without protective measures, COVID-19 cases surge beyond healthcare system capacity, and with protective measures the number of cases does not surpass healthcare system capacity. Text displayed is Go home & stay there - flatten the curve.

Professor Todd Sanders and Professor Elizabeth Sanders (Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto) contributed “The Curve” to a Special Forum on COVID-19 in Social Anthropology/Anthropologie Sociale. In it, they consider what the curve is, how varied populations are working to “flatten” it, and some implications for anthropological thinking and theorising. (Posted September 18, 2020)

Book cover for International Intervention and the Problem of Legitimacy. Encounters in Postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina by Andrew C. Gilbert, showing rusted truck in front of a damaged building.

Dr. Andrew Gilbert recently published a book entitled International Intervention and the Problem of Legitimacy. Encounters in Postwar Bosnia-Herzegovina with Cornell University Press.  Based upon many years of field research, the book foregrounds and analyzes the open-ended, innovative, and unpredictable nature of international intervention that is usually omitted from the ordered representations of governments and aid agencies, as well as the confident assertions of many critiques.  In particular, the book identifies previously overlooked sites, processes, and effects of international intervention, and suggests new comparative opportunities for the study of transnational action that seeks to save and secure human lives and improve the human condition. (Posted September 18, 2020)

Dr. Andrew Gilbert was part of an international group of researchers that produced an experimental and multi-media panel entitled “How Do We Work Together? Distribution, Political Labor, and Worker Struggles in Bosnia and Herzegovina” for the pioneering virtual Distribute 2020 Conference of the Society for Cultural Anthropology and Society for Visual Anthropology.  It featured, in part, Dr. Gilbert’s collaborative research project Reclaiming Dita, which uses the medium of sequential art (comics, graphic novels) to tell the story of the successful struggle of a group of Bosnian workers to save their factory from the effects of predatory privatization. (Posted September 18, 2020)

A new seminar series from the School of Cities examines community food security and health service access from a “supply chain” perspective. The series entitled “Building Resilience in Food & Health Supply Chains” is led by faculty from Engineering, Anthropology, Geography & Planning, and the Dalla Lana School of Health. The first event Oct. 5, will showcase Dr. Tracey Galloway’s research on food security issues in remote, Northern Indigenous communities in Canada. Register here for this event. (Posted September 18, 2020)

Dr. Tracey Galloway and colleagues recently published a digest paper exploring the bridges between evolutionary theory and the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD). The article is available in the journal Evolutionary Anthropology(Posted September 18, 2020)

Dr. Rosenberg Larsen published a so-called Letter to the Editor in the journal, Philosophical Psychology, entitled: "More Than Provocative, Less Than Scientific: A Commentary on The Editorial Decision to Publish Cofnas (2020)". The article was co-authored with 8 colleagues, including Dr. Schroeder from UTM Department of Anthropology. In their Letter, the authors  respond to a controversial, overtly racist article that was published in Philosophical Psychology in January, 2020. The Letter to the Editor explains why it was wrong to accept the racist article, moreover, why it should never have passed review due to its clear unscientific elements and morally repulsive rhetoric. The letter created substantial pressure on the journal's editorial board, which eventually led to the resignation of the editor-in-chief. The journal eventually pledged to diversify the editorial board and enhance scrutiny during review processes. Dr. Rosenberg Larsen is quoted saying that "this story sends an important message to our students about how – when academics are persistent – we can actually change our environment for the better; towards a more inclusive and diverse place reflective of the real world. An important step forward for philosophy and science." (Posted September 17, 2020)

Dr. Rosenberg Larsen published an article in the Journal, Philosophical Explorations, entitled, "Psychopathy as Moral Blindness: A Qualifying Exploration of the Blindness-Analogy in Psychopathy Theory and Research". This article explores one of the most wide-spread theoretical claims about so-called "psychopaths", namely, that they are morally incapacitated or "morally blind". Dr. Rosenberg Larsen demonstrates that while this blindness-analogy is theoretically sound, it also has clear and often-overlooked limitations regarding how to think about psychopathic psychologies. (Posted September 17, 2020)

Dr. Rosenberg Larsen published an article in the journal, Phenomenology and Mind, entitled, "Mapping the Patient’s Experience: An Applied Ontological Framework for Phenomenological Psychopathology". The article is co-authored with Dr. Janna Hastings from University College London. In this work, Dr. Rosenberg Larsen and Dr. Hastings outlines a novel method for data annotation in mental health research, particularly, how to reliably capture the subjectively experienced psychiatric symptoms in a standardized format. (Posted September 17, 2020)

Dr. Zoë H Wool published an article in Medical Anthropology Quarterly, titled "Veteran Therapeutics: The Promise of Military Medicine and the Possibilities of Disability in the Post-9/11 United States." The article draws on a decade of Dr. Wool's ethnographic research to explore the collateral effects of the seemingly unassailable imperative to cure injured veterans, using the tools of disability theory to think beyond cure. (Posted August 6, 2020)

The Collective Anthropology Mini-Lectures Project, co-founded by Dr. Zoë H Wool and Dr. Paige West of Barnard College and Columbia University, was the featured project at the June 2020 ISKME OER Commons summit. The event showcased innovative uses of Open Education Resources in the midst of the new post-COVID-19 online learning landscape. (Posted August 6, 2020)

Doctoral candidate Shelby Scott continues to lead an undergraduate research group, responsible for compiling epigenetic trait frequency data from disparate fields into an online repository that can be used in practical forensic scenarios and for future research. Ms. Scott initiated this research group in 2019 and continues to recruit research volunteers on an ongoing basis. (Posted August 5, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant was awarded a UTM Teaching Development and Innovation Grant for an interview series video project called "Let's Talk About Health". The series will debut in the Fall 2020 term as part of ANT220H5: Introduction to the Anthropology of Health. (Posted July 31, 2020)

Professor Sarah Hillewaert received a SSHRC Insight Development Grant for her new research project, entitled “Brokering development. Yoga, wellness, and East Africa’s newest humanitarians”. (Posted July 29, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant published a piece entitled "Health histories from watery places: Seafaring bodies in the labour archive" in the online medical humanities journal Synapsis. (Posted July 6, 2020)

Dr. Guilherme Debortoli and Cristina Abbatangelo, a postdoctoral fellow and Masters student, respectively, in Prof. Esteban Parra’s lab, are co-first authors of a paper published in the journal Scientific Reports. The study, which was done as part of a collaboration led by Prof. Manjari Jonnalagadda, from Symbiosis International University in Pune (India), provided novel insights on demographic history of four tribal and two caste groups from West Maharashtra (India) using genome-wide data. (Posted July 2, 2020)

Prof. Esteban Parra and his collaborators from Brazil, led by Prof. Celso Teixeira Mendes-Junior, from the University of Sao Paulo (Brazil), published an article in the Journal Forensic Science International: Genetics, in which they provided insights on hair, skin and eye color of ancient and modern Native Americans based on DNA sequencing data. (Posted July 2, 2020)

Dr. Lauren Schroeder published a review article entitled “Revolutionary Fossils, Ancient Biomolecules, and Reflections in Ethics and Decolonization: Paleoanthropology in 2019.” in the journal American Anthropologist. This contribution marks the first time that American Anthropologist has invited a year-in-review piece focused solely on paleoanthropological research. (Posted June 26, 2020)

Dr. Lauren Schroeder is a co-author on a paper entitled “Can bony labyrinth dimensions predict biological sex in archaeological samples?” published in the Journal of Archaeological Sciences: Reports. The paper aimed to test the applicability of a published equation used to predict biological sex from measurements of the inner ear. Results show that the use of this equation was more unreliable than other methods of sex estimation. (Posted June 26, 2020)

Dr. Lauren Schroeder was awarded a 5 year NSERC Discovery Grant to support her research program “Reconstructing evolutionary process in hominin evolution”. (Posted June 26, 2020)

Dr. David Samson was awarded an NSERC Discovery Grant to support his research program “Activity around the clock: The evolution of sleep in human and non-human primates”. (Posted June 26, 2020)

Dr. Trevor Orchard and his research collaborators have recently published an article exploring the nature of Atlantic salmon spawning and migratory behavior in New York state prior to the historic extirpation of Atlantic salmon from the area. Stable isotope analysis of a small sample of archaeological salmon bones from the area, identified through traditional zooarchaeological analysis and ancient DNA analysis, demonstrate that these individuals were all fresh water residents that did not migrate to the Atlantic ocean and then back to fresh water, but rather spent their entire life cycle in the Lake Ontario system. The article is published in the Journal of Great Lakes Research. (Posted June 3, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant published an article entitled "Medicine by correspondence in Newfoundland and Labrador, 1911" in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. This piece explores how individuals in rural and remote communities in Newfoundland and Labrador communicated with their doctors via letter at the beginning of the 20th century. (Posted June 1, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant published a piece entitled "Behind the Beak: Plague Doctor Iconography in 2020" in the online medical humanities journal Synapsis. The article traces the medical anthropological and historical foundations of the Plague Doctor image and how it persists today. (Posted June 1, 2020)

Dr. Rosenberg Larsen recently published an article in the journal Psychology, Public Policy & Law, entitled: "Are Psychopathy Checklist (PCL) Psychopaths Dangerous, Untreatable, and Without Conscience? A Systematic Review of the Empirical Evidence". The article was co-authored with two colleagues from Okanagan College (B.C.), Dr. Jarkko Jalava and Dr. Stephanie Griffiths. In the article, the authors systematically review hundreds of studies on clinically diagnosed psychopaths, and concludes that the empirical evidence "disprove widespread beliefs" about psychopaths, such as them being extraordinarily dangerous social predators, unresponsive to rehabilitation programs, and without conscience. The results of this study "questions the current and future role" of the psychopathy construct in forensic settings. (Posted May 27, 2020)

Dr. Tracey Galloway and her co-investigators recently published the first of a series of papers on how Nunavummiut – people who live in Nunavut communities – experience care for complex diseases like cancer. The research was a collaboration with Iqaluit-based Qaujigiartiit Health Research CentreNunavut Tunngavik Incorporated, and the Nunavut Department of Health. The paper, entitled “Perspectives of Nunavut patients and families on their cancer and end of life care experiences”, was published in the International Journal of Circumpolar Health. It describes the experiences of people living in remote, northern communities who must travel long distances by air to access complex medical care. (Posted May 27, 2020)

Professor Esteban Parra and his collaborator Dr. Michel Naslavsky from the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil were awarded an Accelerator Grant in Genomic Medicine from the McLaughlin Centre. This award will make it possible to analyze genomic variation in a sample of more than 1,000 elderly individuals from Brazil. Additionally, the award will support a pilot project focused on the characterization of somatic mutation rates and telomere length variation associated with aging. (Posted May 4, 2020)

Professor Andrea Muelebach (together with colleagues from UC Santa Cruz, Stanford, and others) is co-organizing Distribute 2020: the biennial conference of the Society for Cultural Anthropology and Society for Visual Anthropology. Distribute 2020 is a low-cost, highly accessible, nearly-carbon-neutral conference. (Posted April 28, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant and collaborators has been awarded a University of Toronto COVID-19 Action Initiative grant for their project "Going Viral: COVID-19 and Risk in Young Adult Health Behaviour Models." (Posted April 28, 2020)

Dr. Trevor Orchard and colleagues have published a paper entitled "Investigating the sex-selectivity of a middle Ontario Iroquoian Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) fishery through ancient DNA analysis" in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. The paper uses ancient DNA methods to determine the sex of a sample of salmon and lake trout bones from a mid- to late-13th century AD site in Mississauga to explore the possibility that the site occupants practiced sustainable, sex-selective fishing. (Posted April 13, 2020)

Professor Tracy Rogers and research collaborators including graduate student Jenna Schall have published a paper titled Breaking the Binary: The Identification of Trans-women in Forensic Anthropology in the journal Forensic Science International. The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of facial feminization surgery (FFS) on measurement-based methods of cranial sex assessment, such as discriminant function analysis, with a goal to develop guidelines for correctly recognizing and supporting the identification of trans-women. (Posted March 11, 2020)

Dr. Trevor Orchard and research collaborators have published an article titled “Deforestation caused abrupt shift in Great Lakes nitrogen cycle” in the journal Limnology and Oceanography. The paper uses stable isotope analysis and Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS) analysis of a large sample of fish remains from archaeological sites, museum collections, and modern published studies in southern Ontario to provide a long-term (roughly the past 800 years) perspective on patterns in the nitrogen cycle of Lake Ontario. The study argues that an abrupt shift in the nitrogen isotope composition of Lake Ontario fishes in the early to mid-19th century, after a multi-century period of relative stability, best corresponds to the initiation of industrial-scale forest clearance in the region. (Posted March 11, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant published a paper titled For those in peril on and off the sea: Merchant marine bodies in 19th-century Newfoundland in the International Journal of Maritime History. This paper highlights the healthcare experiences of the 19th-century North Atlantic maritime workforce. This research is the first to shed light on to how long individual seafarers were docked in port before seeking healthcare, revealing previously hidden nuances of merchant seafarer morbidity. (Posted March 10, 2020)

Dr. Madeleine Mant published a book chapter titled Violence and the marked body: (in)visible trauma in London during the long eighteenth century. In Mounsey, C. & Booth, S. Bodies of Information: Reading the Variable Body from Roman Britain to Hip Hop (pp. 91-108). Routledge. 

Dr. Mant is one of the Series Editors for Routledge's new series: Routledge Advances in the History of Bioethics: Interdisciplinary Analyses for Modern Predicaments. She has a paper in the first volume, exploring violence-related injuries in the skeletal remains of individuals from 18th-century London, UK. (Posted March 10, 2020)

In February, Dr. Tracey Galloway and MSc student Pia Dimayuga from Civil and Mineral Engineering visited the community of Bearskin Lake, in Northern Ontario. The visit provided opportunity for the pair to meet with Chief Rodney McKay and members of Bearskin Lake First Nation to discuss barriers to food security in the far north community, which lacks year-round, all-weather road access and is reliant on commercial flights for the majority of its essential goods and services. (Posted March 10, 2020)

Professor Stephen Scharper and his colleague Tanhum Yoreh co-authored a book chapter titled Food Waste, Religion, and Sprituality: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim approaches in Routledge Handbook of Food Waste. (Posted March 10, 2020)

Dr. Trevor Orchard and colleagues have published an article entitled “Dietary plasticity and the extinction of the passenger pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius)” in the journal Quaternary Science Reviews. The article uses a combination of isotopic analysis, ancient DNA analysis, and traditional zooarchaeological approaches to explore dietary patterns among the now-extinct passenger pigeon throughout the past 1000 years in southern Ontario. (Posted February 27, 2020)

Professor Firat Bozcali published an article titled What Can Acronyms Tell Us? Media Coverage and the Limits of Proxy War Analysis in Northeast Syria on Political and Legal Anthropological Review's (PoLAR) website in their Ethnographic Explainers series. (Posted February 6, 2020)

Professor Firat Bozcali's book chapter, entitled "Money for Life: Border Killings, Compensation Claims and Life-Money Conversions in Turkey’s Kurdish Borderlands", in Banu Bargu's Turkey's Necropolitical Laboratory: Democracy, Violence, Resistance is published by Edinburgh University Press. (Posted February 6, 2020)

Research Activities Archive

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