Fall 2004, Anthropology, UTM
Dr. Heather M.-L. Miller

Course Web Page:

Lecture & Laboratory:  Thursdays 1:00-3:00 pm in Room 228 North Building
Computer labs in Room to be announced

Office Phone Email Office Hour
Dr. Miller 208 North 905-828-3741 hmiller "at"
Thursdays 3-4
TA:  John Creese 221 North
jlcreese "at"
Tuesdays 11-12

Course Description
This course will introduce the process of archaeological research, from project design through report write-up.  The student will create a project proposal and budget, choose methods of survey and excavation, describe and organize data for analysis, and summarize findings in a project report.  This will be done using a computer simulation to carry out an archaeological project from start to finish.  In addition, a series of written exercises and hands-on techniques will be used to cover selected topics and materials not included in the simulation. 
NOTE:  ANT 312 does not require previous knowledge of statistics;  however, basic mathematical skills (algebra and willingness to learn some statistics) will be required to successfully complete the class.
Required Course Materials  (Available at UTM Bookstore)
(1) Dibble, H.L., S.P. McPherron, & B.J. Roth,  2003.  Virtual Dig.  A Simulated Archaeological Excavation of a Middle Paleolithic Site in France.  Second Edition.  McGraw-Hill Higher Education / Mayfield Publishing.  ISBN 0-07-282476-X,  Text plus CD ROM.
(2) Barber, Russell J., 1994.  Doing Historical Archaeology.  Exercises Using Documentary, Oral, & Material Evidence.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc.  ISBN 0-13-176033-5.
Supplemental Course Materials

Occasional readings will be assigned from your textbook for ANT200 in order to refresh your memory of topics covered in that course:
Wendy Ashmore & Robert Sharer,  2000. Discovering Our Past. A brief introduction to archaeology.  Third edition.  McGraw-Hill Higher Education, New York


Project Report:  40%
Written Exercises:  50 % total
Participation, based on weekly submissions or quizzes on readings:  10%
The marked work for this course will consist of (1) a project report, (2) a series of written exercises, and (3) a participation grade compiled from (a) short assignments from the simulation and (b) short quizzes on the readings. 
Lectures, exercises and readings will provide overlapping material, but students are responsible for all material covered in any of these formats.  Students must attend all classes.  It will be impossible to completely make up any missed classes, as group activities cannot be replicated.  To even discuss the possibility of making up an exercises, a doctor’s note or similar documentation will be required.
SEE p. 4, REGULATIONS, for details on late work, make-ups, citations, and other information.
The project report is the culmination of seven weeks of work on the computer simulation.  You should include ideas from the assigned readings, lectures, written exercises, and discussions, as well as the computer simulation itself.  You must turn in two copies of the report; I will return one and keep the other.   See p. 5, Formats for All Assignments, for more details.
The 7 written exercises will be worth variable amounts, depending on their difficulty, for a total of 50% of the final mark.  These must be submitted in the standard format provided by the instructor, and must be written independently by each student.  See p. 5, Formats for All Assignments, for more details.
             (A) Dibble et al. Exercise 4.1:  3%
             (B) Dibble et al. Optional Exercise p.67 (write a proposal....):  6%
             (C) Dibble et al. Exercises 12.1, 12.2 & 12.3;  13.1, 13.2 & 13.3:  10%
             (D) Dibble et al. Exercises 17.2 & 17.3:  5%
             (E) Dibble et al. Exercises 19.1, 19.2 & 19.3:  8%
             (F) Barber Exercise 11 (p. 107-124 + information on class website):  10%
             (G) Barber Exercise 5 (p. 42-52):  8%
Some weeks, you will turn in print-outs with short comments from the simulation, which will be marked as “0” (unsatisfactory) or “1” (satisfactory).  Other weeks, you will have a quiz composed of true/false or multiple choice questions designed to reward those who do the readings assigned for that week.  The quizzes will test major points in the assigned reading (such as the topics referenced in the introductions, headings and conclusion), not minor details.  No make-ups are possible, but the three lowest marks will be dropped, and only the highest ten will contribute to your participation mark.

Course Schedule

Sept 9 Bring Virtual Dig CD to class -Introduction to Course
-Introduction to Simulation (lab)
Sept 16
Dibble et al. Ch. 1, 2, 3, 4  (p.1-26)
Barber p. 1-3; 227-229
[Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p.70-92]
   Quiz on Reading
-Research Design
-Introduction to Survey
Sept 23 (A) Dibble et al. Exercise 4.1 (p.27):  3% CLASS in HITACHI LAB (1154 South)
Barber p.53-58 & 64-66
GIS reading:  To be announced
Ashmore & Sharer p.93-104]
   Quiz on Reading & Participation
          In GIS exercise
-Geographic Information Systems
     GIS librarian Andrew Nicholson: 
      guest lecture & exercise
Sept. 30
Dibble et al. Ch. 5, 6, 7 (p.29-51)
    Be sure to make notes on
    Exercises 5.2, 6.2 & 7.1 for (2)
Barber p.230-232, 236-238
[Optional: Ashmore & Sharer p.93-104]
   Turn in Dibble et al. Exercises
           5.1 & 6.1
-Excavation Techniques Ð Sampling,
     Personnel, Methodology
Oct 7 (B) Dibble et al. Optional Exercise p.67:  6% Dibble et al. Ch. 8, 9, 10 (p.53-75)
    Be sure to make notes on
    Exercises 9.2 & 10.1 for (2)
[Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p.105-6]
   Turn in Dibble et al. Exercise 9.1
-Excavation Techniques  -
     Stratigraphy, Features
Oct 14 (C) Dibble et al. Exercises 12.1, 12.2 & 12.3; 13.1, 13.2 & 13.3:  10% Dibble et al. Ch. 11, 12, 13 (p.69-91)
Barber p.81-86
[Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p.96-100, 115-120; Optional: 139-144]
   Quiz on Reading
-Artifact Analysis Ð Lithics
-Hands-on Practice:  Lithic Analysis
FILM: Flintknapping w Bruce Bradley
Oct 21 (D) Dibble et al. Exercises 17.2 & 17.3:  5% Dibble Ch. 14, 15, 16, 17 (p.93-118)
Barber p. 127-129
[Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p105-113]
   Turn in Dibble et al. Exercises
          14.1, 15.1, 16.1, & 17.1
-Statistics & Graphical
Oct 28 (E) Dibble et al. Exercises 19.1, 19.2 & 19.3:  8% Dibble Ch. 18, 19, 20, 21 (p.119-138)
Barber p.233-238
[Suggested: Ashmore-Sharer p.201-225]
   Turn in Dibble et al. Exercise 20.1
-Site Analysis & Interpretation
Nov 4
Barber p. 91-95; 191-197, 206-209, 214-217, 223-225
[Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p.130-139]
   Quiz on Reading
-Faunal & Floral Analysis
-Sediment Analysis, Geoarchaeology
-Human Remains
Nov 11 Virtual Dig Final Report Due:  40% [Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p.120-130]    Participation in Hands-on Practice
-Artifact Analysis - Technology
-Hands-on Practice:  Pottery
Nov 18
Barber p.125-129, 133-138, 174-175, 199-201
[Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p.149-151; review 107-111]
   Quiz on Reading
-Artifact Analysis continued Ð
     Classification & Typology
-Hands-on Practice:  Seriation
Nov 25 (F) Barber Exercise 11 (p. 107-124 + info on class website): 10% Barber p.5-10, 27-28, 33-35, 181-183
[Suggested: Ashmore & Sharer p.169-178]
   Quiz on Reading
-Analogy:  History, Ethnography,
    Ethnoarchaeology & Experimental
     Archaeology   (FILMS)
Dec 2 (G) Barber Exercise 5 (p. 42-52):  8% Handout
Required (copies on reserve for ANT200): Ashmore & Sharer p.227-242
   Quiz on Reading
-Careers in Archaeology

Wendy Ashmore & Robert Sharer,  2000. Discovering Our Past. A brief introduction to archaeology.  Third edition.  McGraw-Hill Higher Education, New York.

Regulations for ANT312 Marked Work

1. PARTICIPATION MARK:  No make-ups or late weekly submissions or quizzes will be allowed, under ANY circumstances.  Furthermore, if you are late to class, you may not take the quiz, which will be given at the beginning of the class.  I will drop the two lowest of these marks for every student, so missing a class due to illness will not affect your final participation mark.

2. Late written exercises and final reports will have 20% of the total possible marks deducted per calendar day late
, including weekends.  10% will be deducted for assignments turned in after the first half-hour of class on the date due, even if the assignment is turned in on the due date.  It is your responsibility to turn in late assignments to me, at my convenience.  You may NOT submit assignments by email.  Only the usual documented excuses (doctor's note, etc.) will be accepted to avoid late penalties.

3. When you hand in your assignments of any kind, you must sign the submission form
.  DO NOT submit your assignment to the secretary nor to anyone else in the Department of Anthropology. DO NOT slide your assignment under the instructor's office door.  The assignment has not been officially submitted until you sign the submission form.  You are also advised to make a copy of your assignments for yourself before submitting them.

4. You may work with other students in preparing for assignments, but what you submit must be your own work.   You are encouraged to discuss questions together, or share source materials, or recommend readings and web sites.  However, I will expect everyone in the class to have a different write-up; be especially careful to work ALONE on your final write-up. 

5. Please be especially careful to avoid plagiarism, which is a serious academic offence. Assignments in which plagiarism is detected will be severely penalized.  For more details, see Section 7.11 "Academic Honesty" and Section 11.2, the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters in the UTM Calendar for 2004-2005.  It is your responsibility to be familiar with this code, and adhere to it.  Be sure to read the link to the information on plagiarism on the website

6. Use the style employed by your computer simulation textbook (Dibble et al., p. 139) for all citations & bibliographies turned in for this class.  Ask the instructor or TA if you have any problems.

Format for All Assignments (Written Exercises & Final Report)
 1. General Appearance:  Assignments should be typed if possible.  Those assignments or sections of assignments that require you to photocopy pages of the text & fill in blank areas must be neatly PRINTED in dark pencil or ink, carefully drawn, and on paper with smooth edges.  (In other words, they should look as good as a typewritten assignment, not as if they were written on the bus.)

2. Heading:  Put your name and the date due at the top of the page, followed by the assignment letter and name.  Do NOT use a separate cover sheet.  For example:
Heather M.-L. Miller
Sept. 23, 2004
(A.) Dibble et al.
Exercise 4.1:  Defining Research Questions for Your Virtual Project

3.A. Organization of Contents for Written Exercises from Dibble, and for Final Report:  Follow the instructions in your computer simulation text, Virtual Dig, for each set of exercises.  For the Final Report, carefully follow the instructions on p. 137-138. 
 3.B. Organization of Contents for Written Exercises from Barber:  Follow the directions in the "Your Assignment" section.  Be sure to clearly state your evidence and line of reasoning for arriving at your conclusions, as this will be the major part of your mark (i.e., show your work, don't just give an answer), but be as concise as possible -- unnecessarily wordy answers will also be marked down.

4. Illustrations:  Drawings & Tables:  Illustrations will be necessary for many exercises and the final report.  Use these to clarify and illustrate the text; some will be done by hand, some on the computer.  Either integrate any drawings or tables into the text, or put them at the end of the text.  Either way, be sure to put a label on the illustration and a referent at the proper place in your text (e.g., "Figure 1" or "Table 1"), so the reader looks for the illustrations.  See how your textbooks do this for more help.

5. Style:   Reports and exercises should be concise and to the point -- delete all unnecessary sentences, such as "Since earliest times, humans have used stone tools."  Cut to the essence:  "This exercise will examine whether it is possible to determine the function of a stone tool from the use wear on it." 

6. References:  If needed, cite references as appropriate and include a bibliography.  If you cite any of the textbooks, be sure to include it in the bibliography.  Use the bibliographic format used in your computer simulation textbook (Dibble et al., p. 139).