Life Sciences


Life Sciences is a general term for science programs that are biologically-oriented – everything from the study of plants and  animals and how they have evolved and adapted over time, to the molecular basis of life.  All Life Science programs lead to an Honours Bachelor of Science (Note: Anthropology can also be studied as a Social Science, which would lead to an Honours Bachelor of Arts).

Programs and specializations

  • Anthropology
  • Biology
  • Biology for Health Sciences
  • Biomedical Communications
  • Biotechnology
  • Comparative Physiology
  • Ecology & Evolution
  • Molecular Biology

U of T Mississauga also offers a number of unique and interdisciplinary programs relating to Biology:

  • Bioinformatics (offered through Computer Science, 
  • Mathematics & Statistics)
  • Paleontology (offered through Biology Department)

Why choose U of T Mississauga for Life Sciences?

U of T Mississauga’s small campus setting allows students to learn in small class sizes (fourth-year courses typically have fewer than 35 students) and get to know their professors. Most professors have active research programs and we have recently added to our already stellar departments with new professors who conduct research and teach classes in rapidly developing areas like behavioural genetics and landscape ecology. U of T Mississauga is fortunate to have a beautiful forested area surrounding the campus where students often conduct ecological research. Student research on campus has involved studies of fish and plankton populations in our two campus ponds; bird, mammal, amphibian, insect and fungal populations in the campus forest; and important plant species and insects in old field and grassland habitats. Students also conduct research and experiments in our labs and greenhouse.

Hands-on experience

  • Successful upper-year students mentor new students by helping them understand how to gain the most from their lectures and study periods.
  • Students in second and third years can earn credit doing research with professors on campus through the Research Opportunity Program (BIO299Y5 and BIO399Y5). Students have an opportunity to learn research methods and share in the excitement of acquiring new knowledge.
  • U of T Mississauga fourth-year thesis (BIO481Y5) students conduct a research project under the supervision of a faculty member in the Department of Biology.
  • Lab courses are offered in a number of different areas to familiarize students with techniques and experimental design. For example, in the Lab for Molecular Biology and Genetics, students learn such techniques as DNA restriction analysis and DNA finger-printing. In the same lab course, students learn about genetics first-hand through research involving fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster).
  • Field courses allow students to apply what they learn in class to data collection and research outside the classroom. Some field courses take place locally in Ontario while others may occur in another country or province.  
  • Senior students may participate in internships for academic credit (BIO400Y5). Depending on the students’ interests, projects and settings range from the lab to office work in industry, government or hospitals.  Students interested in health care benefit from the many affiliations U of T holds with the hospitals in the Greater Toronto Area.

Affiliated student clubs

  • Erindale Biology Society (EBS)
  • Erindale Environmental Association (EEA)
  • Pre-Dental Society (PDS)
  • Pre-Med Club
  • Pre-Optometry Society at U of T Mississauga

What high school preparation do I need?

For entry into first year studies in Life Sciences, students need six Grade 12 U/M courses including: English (ENG4U),* Advanced Functions (MHF4U),* Biology (SBI4U)* and Chemistry (SCH4U).* 

*This refers to courses from the Ontario Curriculum. We will accept equivalent courses from other academic systems. For details, visit

What courses do I take?

All first-year Life Sciences students take these core courses:

  • BIO152H5: Introduction to Evolution and Evolutionary Genetics
  • BIO153H5: Diversity of Organisms
  • CHM1105h: Chemical Principles 1
  • CHM120H5: Chemical Principles 2
  • MAT134Y5: Calculus for Life Sciences

After second year, courses become more specific depending on which program students choose. 

After graduation

Career opportunities include teaching, and governmental research in areas such as conservation and natural resources, and within industries such as pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. Many graduates pursue further education toward MSc or PhD degrees, or gain entrance into professional schools (e.g. dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, occupational therapy, medical radiation sciences). 

Students interested in Biotechnology may be interested in U of T’s Master of Biotechnology program, which operates from U of T Mississauga. Students gain the appropriate mix of science and business courses, coupled with real time experience and analytical skills.

For more information

Department of Biology
Undergraduate Advisor

Master of Biotechnology program:

Biomedical Communication Program